Michael Wynn's Occult Reference Library
GNOME,GNOMES

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ALEISTER CROWLEY EQUINOX EQ I 3 3

, woe unto me; for all my 46 craft is as an injured arrow, featherless and twisted, that should be loosed from its bowstring by the hands of an infant. yet in the wayward struggling of its flight do i grip the unwavering courses of thy wisdom. 12. o woe unto me, my god, woe unto me; for all my faith is as a filthy puddle in the sinister confines of a forest, splashed by the wanton foot of a young gnome. yet like a wildfire through the trees at nightfall do i divine the distant glimmer of thine eye. 13. o woe unto me, my god, woe unto me; for all my life sinks as the western sun that struggles in the strangling arms of night, flecked over with the starry foam of her kisses. yet in the very midnight of my soul do i hold as a scarab the signet of thy name. o glory be unto thee through all tim


ALEISTER CROWLEY EQUINOX EQ I 4 2

old todd has taken him away. i think i hate that old todd["enter" todd. 234 i hate you! i hate you! where is my nice man [todd "whispers in his ear" oh, i see. it is when people get to be grown-ups that they don't like you any more. but i like you, mr. todd. carry me pick-a-back [todd "takes" charley "on his shoulder, and goes dancing from the room, the "boy crowing with delight" curtain. 235 the gnome lantern-light is over the fells when the sun has sunken low; lantern-light and the moorland smells, the rain on the good brown soil. over the moorland we go, we go, through the wet earth we toil. sunken, sunken was the sun ere ever the moon uprose, and the tall dark trees cast shadows dun over the lonely way; over the moorland the long path goes we trod at the close of day. we sped to reach


ALEISTER CROWLEY EQUINOX EQ I 4

i.sis. by omnia vincam 21 reviews 36 at bordj-an-nus. by hilda norfolk 37 alpha iota nu omicron zeta iota zeta iota delta omicron zeta. by aleister crowley 39 the temple of solomon the king. iv 41 pan to artemis. by aleister crowley 197 the interpreter. by perdurabo 199 the daughter of the horseleech. by ethel ramsay 201 the dreamer 208 mr. todd. a morality. by the author of "rosa mundi" 209 the gnome. by victor b. neuburg 237 review 240 the herb dangerous. part iv: the hasheesh eater 241 the agnostic 247 the mantra-yogi 275 the violinist. by francis bendick 277 xiv ehe! by george raffalovich 281 half-hours with famous mahatmas. no. i. by sam hardy 284 the thief-taker. by aleister crowley 291 review 292 the eyes of st. ljubov. by j. f. c. fuller and george raffalovich 293 midsummer eve. b


DONALDTYSON ELEMENT

n their personalities, and are prey to all the weaknesses in human nature. they take the male and female form about equally as often. when they manifest in human form, they tend to have dark hair, dark brown eyes, olive complexions or sometimes darker skin, short and heavyset bodies, short arms and legs, powerful hands, a wide mouth, a deep voice and ringing laughter. usually when you deal with a gnome, or any other elemental, it will not assume a fully human form but will remain somewhat elusive to the senses- you may be able to feel and hear it, for example, but not see it clearly. the four classes of elemental spirits are the work horses of modern magic. any purpose a magician may have can be placed under one or the other of the four elements, and in this way recommends itself to a spec

destroyed in past ages but continue to survive in the astral realm, and also to libraries of an inhuman type that never had a material existence in our world. dealing with sylphs is seldom an intimate or emotional experience, as can be the case when dealing with gnomes or undines. sylphs are emotionally detached from human desires and motives. it is easy to love an undine, or feel fondness for a gnome, but difficult to interact with a sylph. salamanders are best left uncalled. on those occasions when you wish to cause destruction to a specific place or person, a salamander may be sent, but there is always the danger of backlash. salamanders do not like being told what to do, and must be compelled with words of power and the sigils of superior spirits. they resent this control. i should em


ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OCCULTISM AND PARAPSYCHOLOGY VOL 1

spel his illusion. the next day i was granted the unusual privilege of inspecting the sheikh s laboratory, and duly presented myself at the appointed time. my highest expectations were fulfilled; everything was exactly what an alchemist s laboratory should be. yes, there was the sage, surrounded by his retorts, alembics, crucibles, furnace, and bellows, and, best of all, supported by familiars of gnome-like appearance, squatting on the ground, one blowing the fire (a task to be performed daily for six hours continuously, one pounding substances in a mortar, and another seemingly engaged in doing odd jobs. involuntarily my eyes sought the pentacle inscribed with the mystic word abracadabra, but here i was disappointed, for the black arts had no place in this laboratory. one of the familiars

fairies. to prove that they had actually seen fairies, elsie borrowed her father s midg camera and in july 1917 took a picture of frances with the fairies. when they returned from the stream, elsie s father developed the photograph they had taken, which showed frances sitting by the stream surrounded by four dancing fairies. in september of the same year frances took a photograph of elsie with a gnome kneeling near her lap. despite the remarkable nature of these photographs, the family chose not to publicize them immediately; instead they remained silent until 1919 when elsie s mother attended a meeting of the theosophical society in bradford. held at a time when interest in psychic phenomena was greatly increased, in the aftermath of world war i, the meeting was attended by several hundr

s central park. other british psychics, including vincent turvey and horace leaf, also claimed to see fairies, and in 1927 the fairy investigation society was formed in britain to collate information on fairy sightings. the society eventually became inactive, largely as a result of unwelcome newspaper reports ridiculing the subject. other organizations that take an interest in fairies include the gnome club of great britain and gnome international. sources: arrowsmith, nancy, and g. moorse. a field guide to the little people. new york: macmillan, 1977. encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. fairies 537 baring-gould, s. a book of folk-lore. london [1913. briggs, katharine m. the anatomy of puck: an examination of fairy beliefs among shakespeare s contemporaries and successors. l

life, first in chester castle, then (from october 1443) in kenilworth. she died around 1443. early in 1443 humphrey had set out for parliament in the hope of securing a pardon for the duchess, but he was arrested on suspicion of treason and died in custody. known as good duke humphrey, he is remembered chiefly for his love of books; he made generous gifts to the library of oxford university. the gnome club of great britain see gnomes anonymous gnome international see gnomes anonymous gnomes anonymous british organization that developed from a reorganization of the gnome club of great britain and gnomes international, both founded in 1978 by ann atkin at the old rectory, west putford, devon. in 1983 the gnome reserve was moved to surrey under the administration of alex adams, gnome-in-chie

e old rectory, west putford, devon. in 1983 the gnome reserve was moved to surrey under the administration of alex adams, gnome-in-chief. the purpose of gnomes international was to unite gnomes and their human keepers, and membership was open to people of all ages interested in gnomes. the organization offered children s services, conducted research, and maintained a speakers bureau. it published gnome news three times a year. last known address: alex adams, gnome reserve, 224 kingston rd, new malden, surrey, kt3 3uh, england. gnosis gnosis, a journal of the western inner tradition, was first issued in 1985 and quickly emerged as one of the highest quality newsstand periodicals serving the groups and individuals whose spiritual vision has emerged out of the western alternative spiritual tr

ceremonies observed at childbirth, in order to avert evil during the period between birth and baptism. prior to the birth of the child, the gypsies light a fire before the mother s tent, and this fire remains until the rite of baptism has been performed. the women who light and feed the fire recite the following chant: burn ye, burn ye fast, o fire! and guard the babe from wrathful ire of earthy gnome and water-sprite, whom with thy dark smoke banish quite! kindly fairies, hither fare, and let the babe good fortune share, let luck attend him ever here, throughout his life be luck aye near! twigs and branches now in store, and still of branches many more, give we to thy flame, o fire! burn ye, burn ye, fast and high, hear the little baby cry! it is noted that the spirits of the earth and w


EXTRAORDINARY ENCOUNTERS AN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EXTRATERRESTRIALS AND OTHERWORLDY BEINGS

d told wright that they had photographed a fairy. he did not believe them, but when he developed the picture, he saw four tiny, winged women in front of frances. the figures looked like paper cutouts, but the skeptical elders could not extract an admission from the children. a month later, a reluctant wright gave elsie access to the camera once more. the result was a second picture, this one of a gnome whom elsie appeared to be inviting to jump into her lap. annoyed at what he took to be a continuing joke, wright kept the camera out of his daughter s hands thereafter. that would have been that; however, in 1920, polly wright, elsie s mother, attended a lecture on fairy lore. afterward, she brought up the photographs to the speaker, who immediately asked if he could see prints. these prints


INITIATION INTO HERMETICS

ments and the beings there. in this case, you have to load the mirror with the respective element of the plane you wish to visit. passing through the mirror, the form of the respective plane has to be adopted equally. if you wish to visit the kingdom of the goblins, not only the mirror must be loaded with the earth element, but your own spirit has to be imaginatively transformed in the shape of a gnome and to be filled entirely with the earth element. the same thing comes to pass with the spirits of the air, the so-called fairies, the spirits of the water or mermaids and the spirits of the fire, the salamanders. here as well, the experiences you will accomplish are so abundant and marvelous that books could be written about these problems. how the spirits of the different elements can be s

d. in the same way, an elemental being will have an understanding only with a congeneric being, i.e, a being of the same element. provided it should like to come in contact with another being, it would be bound to adopt a human form and human qualities to approach man in the form of man. at this point the magician will realize why he had to perform transmutation exercises in the previous steps. a gnome will never understand a human being, and vice versa. when operating in this way, either the magician has to become a gnome, or the gnome has to be transmuted into a human being. consequently wishing to enter the kingdom of the earth-sprites, the magician will have to take the shape of a gnome. if he can t imagine what a gnome looks like, he must use his faculty of clairvoyance in a trance or

he can t imagine what a gnome looks like, he must use his faculty of clairvoyance in a trance or with the help of a magic mirror. he will notice that gnomes are very tiny sprites, similar to the brownies described in fairy tales. generally they are portrayed as dwarfs with long beards and caps, with long hair, bright eyes and garbed in little cowls. such and similar will be the appearance of the gnome the magician will see in his magic mirror. he will also notice that every sprite is carrying a little lamp of different luminous force in order to find his way in the subterranean kingdom. if the magician has convinced himself of the gnomes shape, he only has to mentally take the shape of a gnome. moreover, he must identify himself with the earth element, i.e, load his whole shape with the e

cian has watched something that he might be tempted to criticize. he may be cautioned against doing so, for the earth-sprites would overpower him instead of his bringing them under his control, which ought to be the purpose of this experiment. in such an occurrence it might happen that by their various magical tricks the gnomes could captivate him by means of the element so that he would become a gnome himself, unable to return to his own body. then after a certain time the mental bond between the astral and the physical body would break asunder, which would mean the physical death. in such a case a medical expert would find out death from heart attack and nothing more. but the magician who has obtained the necessary control in the course of his magical training and considers this law has


K AMBER THE BASICS OF MAGICK

verse as used in magick ritual) and the archangels also correspond with these same elements- element suit quarter archangel= earth pentacles north uriel water cups west gabriel fire wands south michael air swords east raphael elementals the magical elements are said to be peopled by spirits and mythological entities called elementals or nature spirits. these are grouped into four main categories- gnome (earth) undine (water) salamander (fire) sylph (air) the basics of magick get any book for free on: www.abika.com 14= dwarfs nymphs jin (genies) fairies elves tritons storm angels brownies mermaids hobgoblins mermen lepricauns sirens harpies elementals are usually only visible to those with clairvoyant sight and are more likely to be seen at night in the mountains or country away from cities


MAGIC AND SPELLS

anted power: you gain the uncanny dodge ability of a 3rd-level rogue. if you have another class that grants the uncanny dodge ability, treat your level in that class as three higher for determining your uncanny dodge ability. 1 true strike 2 augury 3 bestow curse 4 status s mark of justice deities: gond, kossuth, talos. fate domain spells 6 geas/quest 7 vision 8 mind blank 9 foresight fire domain gnome domain deities: baervan wildwanderer, baravar cloakshadow, callarduran smoothhands, flandal steelskin, gaerdal ironhand, garl glittergold, segojan earthcaller, urdlen. granted power: you east all illusion spells at +1 caster level. 1 silent image 2 gembomb 3 minor image 4 minor creation s hallucinatory terrain gnome domain spells good domain 6 fantastic machine 7 screen 8 otto's irresistible

more poised, articulate, and personally forceful. the spell grants an enhancement bonus to charisma of 1d4+1 points, adding the usual benefits to charisma-based skills. sorcerers and bards who receive eagle's splendor do not gain extra spells, but the save dcs for their spells increase. arcane material component: a few feathers or' a pinch of dung from an eagle. illusion (shadow) level: craft 6, gnome 6 components: v, s, df casting time: 1 action elminster's evasion evocation level: sor/wiz 9 components: v, s, m, f, xp casting time: at least 10 minutes (see text) range: personal target: you duration: until discharged this powerful variant of the contingency spell automatically transfers you and everything you carry or touch (except for other creatures or objects that weigh more than 50 po

g throw: none spell resistance: no you permanently seal agate or portal. gate seal prevents any activation of the gate or portal, though the seal may be negated by a successful dispel magic cast upon the spell. a knock spell does not function on the gate seal, but a chime of opening dispels the spell. material component: a silver bar worth 50 gp. magic gembomb conjuration (creation [force] level: gnome 2, trade 2 components: v, s, m casting time: 1 action/bomb range: touch targets: up to 5 touched gems worth at least 1 gp each duration: 10 minutes/level or until used saving throw: reflex half (see text) spell resistance: yes gembomb converts up to five gems into bombs you (and only you) can lob at enemies. you must hold the. gems in your hand when casting the spell. together, the bombs are


MANLY P HALL THE SECRET TEACHINGS OF ALL AGES

surrounding and interpenetrating the earth were peopled with living, intelligent beings, may seem ridiculous to the prosaic mind of today. this doctrine, however, has found favor with some of the greatest intellects of the world. the sylphs of facius cardin, the philosopher of milan; the salamander seen by benvenuto cellini; the pan of st. anthony; and le petit homme rouge (the little red man, or gnome) of napoleon bonaparte, have found their places in the pages of history. literature has also perpetuated the concept of nature spirits. the mischievous puck of shakespeare's midsummer night's dream; the elementals of alexander pope's rosicrucian poem, the rape of the lock, the mysterious creatures of lord lytton's zanoni; james barrie's immortal tinker bell; and the famous bowlers that rip v

ear clothing woven of the element in which they live. in other instances their garments are part of themselves and grow with them, like the fur of animals. the gnomes are said to have insatiable appetites, and to spend a great part of the rime eating, but they earn their food by diligent and conscientious click to enlarge conventional gnomes. from gjellerup's den ldre eddas gudesange. the type of gnome most frequently seen is the brownie, or elf, a mischievous and grotesque little creature from twelve to eighteen inches high, usually dressed in green or russet brown. most of them appear as very aged, often with long white beards, and their figures are inclined to rotundity. they can be seen scampering out of holes in the stumps of trees and sometimes they vanish by actually dissolving into


REGARDIE ISRAEL THE COMPLETE GOLDEN DAWN

of the working of the plane of w the angel having answered my signs by similar ones, gives the impression that she is willing to instruct me (this can enter the mind as an extraneous thought, or may be heard (15) clairaudiently) she shows how even the work on this particular spot is varied, and according to the types of the elementals is the labour allotted. some of the elementals tending to the gnome type are digging in the cliffs, with spiky instruments, and boring holes therein, thereby permitting the water to enter freely (this may explain the spongy rather than broken aspect of the rock. the mermaid and merman elementals, which are in the large majority, i think, receive some of the dust, which they carry into the sea (some of this may go to form islands) others also are bringing ear

llow tunic, over which being a shirt of mail. in his right hand he bears a wand, the lower end or handle being shaped somewhat as the pentacle implement, and the staff and upper end being as the fire wand. in his left hand (but this i do not clearly see) he bears a fire wand; i think that the right hand points upwards and the left downwards, and is a symbol to invoke forces. little figures of the gnome type come at his call. when commanded some broke the rocky parts of the mountain with pick-axes which they carry. others appear to dig in the ground. in breaking off these rocky pieces, there fall away little bits of bright metal or copper. some of these gnomes collected the bits of metal and carried them away in little wallets slung by a baldrick from their shoulders. we followed them and c


SIR EDWARD BULWER LYTTON ZANONI A ROSICRUCIAN TALE

a hand of iron, and forcing it to idealise the scenes of his actual life. before this powerful will, glyndon drew back more awed and admiring than before the calmer beauty which rose from the soul of raphael, like venus from the deep. and now, as awaking from his reverie, he stood opposite to that wild and magnificent gloom of nature which frowned on him from the canvas, the very leaves on those gnome-like, distorted trees seemed to rustle sibylline secrets in his ear. those rugged and sombre apennines, the cataract that dashed between, suited, more than the actual scenes would have done, the mood and temper of his mind. the stern, uncouth forms at rest on the crags below, and dwarfed by the giant size of the matter that reigned around them, impressed him with the might of nature and the

ists not: it is but the science by which nature can be controlled. now, in space there are millions of beings not literally spiritual, for they have all, like the animalculae unseen by the naked eye, certain forms of matter, though matter so delicate, air-drawn, and subtle, that it is, as it were, but a film, a gossamer that clothes the spirit. hence the rosicrucian's lovely phantoms of sylph and gnome. yet, in truth, these races and tribes differ more widely, each from each, than the calmuc from the greek, differ in attributes and powers. in the drop of water you see how the animalculae vary, how vast and terrible are some of those monster mites as compared with others. equally so with the inhabitants of the atmosphere: some of surpassing wisdom, some of horrible malignity; some hostile a


THE GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE UNUSUAL UNEXPLAINED VOL 1

taken with an inexpensive camera by two young girls, elsie wright and her cousin frances griffiths, in a little valley through which ran a narrow stream near the village of cottingley. one snapshot taken by elsie in the summer of 1917, when she was 16, captured her 10-yearold cousin seated on the grass surrounded by four dancing fairies. another, taken a few months later, showed elsie with a tiny gnome. doyle managed to obtain the negatives and brought them to one of england s most eminent photographic analysts. at first the expert dismissed the very notion of fairy photographs, but he ended up staking his professional reputation by saying that not only were the pictures all single exposures, but he said that he could detect that the tiny beings had actually been moving while having their


THE GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE UNUSUAL UNEXPLAINED VOL 3

ries, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. gnomes traditionally, gnomes are most often represented as gnarled, wrinkled, hunched old men who have been assigned to guard some ancient treasure. over the years, the entities have been confused with images of mischievous elves, fun-loving fairies, or dwarves working in diamond mines, but classically, the role of the gnome is that of a supernatural guardian who can release the treasures of the earth to the earnest alchemist or magician. the gnome, according to the alchemists of the renaissance, had the ability to move through the earth in a manner similar to a human moving through air or a fish through water. the alchemist would seek to invoke the energy of the salamander, a lizardlike entity whose element was

f a supernatural guardian who can release the treasures of the earth to the earnest alchemist or magician. the gnome, according to the alchemists of the renaissance, had the ability to move through the earth in a manner similar to a human moving through air or a fish through water. the alchemist would seek to invoke the energy of the salamander, a lizardlike entity whose element was fire, and the gnome, whose element was earth, and combine their energies with air and water to create gold from base metals. the name applied to the guardian of the earth s treasures is thought to be derived from the greek genomos, earth-dweller. popular images of little men and women with pointed hats who inhabit flower gardens and forests have most likely confused gnomes with elves. m delving deeper bord, jan


TYSON DONALD SOUL FLIGHT

es, a lion, a giant serpent, or a bear that reared up on its hind legs. these visions caused the boy to scream at the top of his lungs, but the moment his mother entered his bedroom, the apparition vanished and things "came right" again- 107. fox, 19. 108. ibid, 20-1. 92 soul flight the most interesting of these apparitions involved a fairy, which to the eyes of the young fox looked like a garden gnome. he described it as "a funny little fellow dressed in brown" that climbed up on his bed with a reassuring smile and pointed to a nearby screen, in which a bright circle of light appeared. within this circle, the mist cleared to reveal the scene of a farm, in bright colors, with all the animals moving as in life. a woman in a blue dress waved her hand from the doorway of the house. after a wh


A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO WITCHCRAFT AND MAGICK SPELLS

uals, as well as matters concerning your home and family. it is also used for magick concerning animals, all who work with their hands, especially in agriculture, horticulture and environmentalism, in finance or maintaining law and order, for banks and financial and legal institutions. earth can thereby form a focus for rituals where justice and authority are an issue. its elemental creatures are gnomes, with their stores of hidden treasure, wisdom and, above all, common sense. they are a reminder that what is of worth does not necessarily offer excitement or instant results. earth's colours are green or brown. its zodiacal signs are taurus, virgo and capricorn. air air represents dawn, spring and the quarter and direction of the east. some practitioners open their circles facing this dire


ABRAMELIN1

of the legends dear to our childish days the host of mermaids, satyrs, fauns, sylphs, and fays; the forces intended to be attracted and propitiated by the fetishes of the negro-race; are for the most part no other thing than the ill-understood manifestations of this great class, the elementals. among these, some, as i have before observed, are good; such are the salamanders, undines, sylphs, and gnomes, of the rosicrucian philosophy; many are frightfully malignant, delighting in every kind of evil, and might easily be mistaken for devils by the uninitiated, save that their power is less; a great proportion are neither good nor evil, irrationally working either; just as a monkey or a parrot might act; in fact such closely resemble animals in their nature, and especially combinations of ani


ALEISTER CROWLEY LIBER 777

l system satyrs and fauns, panic-demons 27 muscular system furies, chim ras, boars (as in calydon &c. 28 kidneys, bladder &c. water nymphs, sirens, lorelei, mermaids (cf. f) 29 legs and feet phantoms, were-wolves 30 circulatory system will o the wisp 31 organs of circulation salamanders 32 excretory system ghuls, larv, corpse candles 32 bis excretory organs, skeleton the dweller of the threshold, gnomes 31 bis organs of intelligence [socratic genius] editorial note: the atus of thoth liber al, cap. i, v. 57 includes the statement: all these old letters of my book are aright: but x is not the star. this also is secret: my prophet shall reveal it to the wise. in crowley s new comment on this verse, he observes: i see no harm in revealing the mystery of tzaddi to the wise; others will hardly


ALEISTER CROWLEY MAGICK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

ual apparatus is simple. also the system is easy to manipulate, and five minutes is sufficient to obtain a fairly detailed answer to any but the most obscure questions. with regard to the intelligences whose business it is to give information to the diviner, their natures differ widely, and correspond more or less to the character of the medium of divination. thus, the geomantic intelligences are gnomes, spirits of an earthy nature, distinguished from each other by the modifications due to the various planetary and zodiacal influences which pertain to the several symbols. the intelligence governing puella is not to be confused with that of venus or of libra. it is simply a particular terrestrial daemon which partakes of those natures. 160 the tarot, on the other hand, being a book, is unde

al shape. thus, we may take the tricky perils of a mountain, and personify them as "trolls, or the destructive energies of the simoom, as "jinn (c) we may analyse any of these symbols, obtaining a finer form; thus the "spirit" contains an "angel, the angel an "archangel, etc (d) we may synthesize any set of symbols, obtaining a more general form. thus we may group various types of earth-spirit as gnomes (e) all these may be attributed to the tree of life, and dealt with accordingly (f) the magician may prepare a sensible body for any of these symbols, and evoke them by the proper rites. 13) the "reality" or "objectivity" of these symbols is not pertinent to the discussion. the ideas of x to the 4 power and sq.rt.of subscript -1 have proved useful to the progress of mathematical advance tow


ALEISTER CROWLEY EQ I 1

elements, that cross from whose centre the creative word issued in the birth of the dawning universe. 19. be thou therefore prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice; be energetic and strong like the salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity; be flexible and attentive to images like the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability; be laborious and patient like the gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice. 20. so shalt thou gradually develop the powers of thy soul, and fit thyself to command the spirits of the elements. for wert thou to summon the gnomes to pander to thine avarice, thou wouldst no longer command them, but they would command thee. wouldst thou abuse the pure beings of the woods and mountains to fill thy coffers and satisfy thy hunger of gold?


ALEISTER CROWLEY EQUINOX EQ I 3 3

n surging of wild felicity, whose love is as the overflowing of the seas, and who makest our bodies to laugh with beauty. i know thee! o thou outstrider of the sunset, who deckest the snow-capped mountains with red roses, and strewest white violets on the curling waves. 9. o thou sovran diadem of crown d wisdom, whose work knoweth the path of the sylphs of the air, and the black burrowings of the gnomes of the earth. i know thee! o thou master of the ways of life, in the palm of whose hand 20 all the arts lie bounden as a smoke-cloud betwixt the lips of the mountain. 10. o thou sovran lord of primaeval baresarkers, who huntest with dawn the dappled deer of twilight, and whose engines of war are blood-crested comets. i know thee! o thou flame-crowned self-luminous one, the lash of whose whi


ALEISTER CROWLEY EQUINOX EQ I 6

as a retriever shakes off water. then she put the child into his arms. marital nay 148 the autumn woods. the eye of fate is closed; the olden doom lies in the wrack of things. there is no sigh; only the wind cries through the lonely woods, and the barren motherhood of the world is manifest shamelessly; in the dank, pale autumn woods the fallen leaves lie squelching under the feet of the desolate gnomes; and now the birds are silent, and the streams flow sluggishly through the veins of the world. dark gray and cloudy, the skies no more are blue, and grayness reigning solitary makes music drearily through the wind-harp. the dripping rain soddens the earth, and the stones lie thick and wet among the leaves; and the trees wave naked arms in despair to the sky. the light is quickly dying, and

ell of summer, crimson-bright! and for the world under the stars to-night- it shall be thine, and thine the star that draws the world to worship thee: the days are fled under the heavens; there is no more sun, and no more love; the world is hushed and dead. slim-passing dryad through the lonely woods! i will follow thee in the paths of dank decay; decadent autumn, with thy lonely broods of active gnomes, and little red-capped fays, feasting in the summer dead under the trees dripping with autumn rains- ah! take me too, me too into the silence of the past, 150 the grave of desolation! i am weary of all things; let me sleep my life away! the breast of fate is pregnant with despair got on her by the piercing shaft of time. ah! unborn child of fate and time, i am weary of them that gave thee b


ALEXANDRIAN BOOK OF SHADOWS OCCULT

thoroughness, practicality, wisdom, patience, sense of timing vices: dullness, lack of conscience, melancholy, boredom, inertia, stagnation, hoarding of resources (including information) season: yule time of day: midnight direction: north wind: boreas colour: green symbols: oak, rock crystal, salt, bull or cow, stag, grains, comfrey, ivy tools: pentacle, altar stone (body of anima mundi) spirits: gnomes under gob (friendly& easy to reach, teach access to own depths& caverns& how to mine& work the vein of gold therein) shortage: spaciness, hyper-activity, instability excess: body heaviness, general lack of energy, inertia, etc. notes various sources including june johns' king of the witches (appendix, starhawk's spiral dance, ellen cannon reed's witches qabala and a lovely pamphlet on the e


ALICE A BAILEY04 A TREATISE ON COSMIC FIRE

enlarging upon these lives and their work; it is not possible for man in any way to contact them, nor would it be desirable. when they have pursued their evolutionary cycle, they will take their place in a later cycle in the ranks of certain deva bodies that are related to the animal- 527- a treatise on cosmic fire copyright 1998 lucis trust kingdom. it is commonly supposed that all the fairies, gnomes, elves, and like nature spirits are to be found solely in etheric matter, but this is not so. they are to be found in bodies of gaseous and liquid substance likewise, but the mistake has arisen for the reason that the basis of all that which can be objectively seen is the etheric structure, and these little busy lives frequently protect their dense physical activities through the agency of

ingdom, building in a response to a vibration which will ultimately swing them into the human family. in this way they become accustomed to the use of a gross form without the limitations, and impurities, which the animal kingdom engenders. second. many devas pass out of the group of passive lives in the effort to become manipulating lives via the bird kingdom, and before becoming fairies, elves, gnomes, or other sprites, pass a certain number of cycles in the bird realm. why the two above events occur will not be apparent to the casual reader, nor will the true connection between the birds and the devas be accurately realised by the occult student unless he applies himself to the consideration of the "bird or swan out of time and space" and the place that birds play in the mysteries. here


BLAVATSKY H P ANTHROPOGENESIS

f other nations and tribes) with pious men within, saying 'prepare. arise ye men of the good law, and cross the land while (yet) dry 'the lords of the storm are approaching. their chariots are nearing the land. one night and two days only shall the lords of the dark face (the sorcerers) live on this patient land. she is doomed, and they have to descend with her. the nether lords of the fires (the gnomes and fire elementals) are preparing their magic agneyastra (fire-weapons worked by magic. but the lords of the dark eye("evil eye) are stronger than they (the elementals) and they are the slaves of the mighty ones. they are versed in ashtar (vidya, the highest magical knowledge* come and use yours (i.e, your magic powers, in order to counteract those of the sorcerers. let every lord of the d


BLAVATSKY H P COSMOGENESIS

the meaning of this is that as man is composed of all the great elements: fire, air, water, earth and ether- the elementals which belong respectively to these elements feel attracted to man by reason of their co-essence. that element which predominates in a certain constitution will be the ruling element throughout life. for instance, if man has a preponderance of the earthly, gnomic element, the gnomes will lead him towards assimilating metals- money and wealth, and so on "animal man is the son of the animal elements out of which his soul (life) was born, and animals are the mirrors of man" says paracelsus (de fundamento sapientiae. paracelsus was cautious, and wanted the bible to agree with what he said, and therefore did not say all* cyclic progress in development[[vol. 1, page] 295 uni

s; men remaining unaware of it in their blindness. they (men) tremble[[vol. 1, page] 606 the secret doctrine. before them while using them (for magical purposes. the first race of men were the "mind-born sons" of the former. they (the pitris and devas) are our progenitors (book ii. of commentary on the book of dzyan "educated people" so-called, deride the idea of sylphs, salamanders, undines, and gnomes; the men of science regard as an insult any mention of such superstitions; and with a contempt of logic and common good sense, that is often the prerogative of "accepted authority" they allow those, whom it is their duty to instruct, to labour under the absurd impression that in the whole kosmos, or at any rate in our own atmosphere, there are no other conscious, intelligent beings, save ou


BOOK T

re surmounted by a hexagram: in the other a pentacle like that of the zelator adeptus minor. unless very well dignified he is heavy, dull, and material. laborious, clever, and patient in material matters. if ill dignified, he is avaricious, grasping, dull, jealous; not very courageous, unless assisted by other symbols. rules from above 20 degree of leo to 20 degree of virgo. fire of earth king of gnomes. xviii. the queen of the thrones of earth queen of pentacles a woman of beautiful face with dark hair; seated upon a throne, beneath which is dark sandy earth. one side of her face is light, the other dark; and her symbolism is best represented in profile. her attire is similar to that of the queen of wands: but she bears a winged goat's head as a crest. a goat is by her side. in one hand s

ead as a crest. a goat is by her side. in one hand she bears a sceptre surmounted by a cube, and in the other an orb of gold. she is impetuous, kind; timid, rather charming; great-hearted; intelligent, melancholy; truthful, yet of many moods. if ill dignified she is undecided, capricious, changeable, foolish. she rules from 20 degree sagittarius to 20 degree capricorn. water of earth the queen of gnomes. xix. the prince of the chariot of earth king of pentacles a winged kingly figure seated in a chariot drawn by a bull. he bears as a crest the symbol of the book t page 9 of 26 http//www.private.org.il/gd/book-t.html 13/10/2002 head of the winged bull. beneath the chariot is land, with many flowers. in the one hand he bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounte

bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounted by an orb and cross. increase of matter. increases good or evil, solidifies; practically applies things. steady; reliable. if ill dignified he is selfish, animal and material: stupid. in either case slow to anger, but furious if roused. rules from 20 degree aries to 20 degree taurus. air of earth prince and emperor of the gnomes. xx. princess of the echoing hills; rose of the palace of earth knave of pentacles a strong and beautiful amazon figure with rich brown hair, standing on grass or flowers. a grove of trees near her. her form suggests hebe, ceres, and proserpine. she bears a winged ram's head as a crest: and wears a mantle of sheepskin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disk: in the other a p

ntle of sheepskin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disk: in the other a pentacle similar to that of the ace of pentacles. she is generous, kind, diligent, benevolent, careful, courageous, persevering, pitiful. if ill dignified she is wasteful and prodigal. she rules over one quadrant of the heavens around the north pole of the ecliptic. earth of earth princess and empress of the gnomes. throne of the ace of pentacles. herein are resumed the especial characteristics of the four court cards of the suits suits cards crests symbols hair eyes wands king winged black horse's head black horse, waving flames, club, scarlet cloak red-gold grey or hazel queen leopard's head, winged leopard, steady flames, wand with heavy head or end red-gold blue or brown prince lion's head, winged


BUCKLAND RAYMOND COMPLETE BOOK OF WITCHCRAFT

y do the magician's bidding. surprisingly, just such conjuration is found as part of many traditions' erecting the temple (or, forming the circle, as some of them call it. included in their rituals is what is referred to as summoning the "guardians of the watchtowers, or "guardians of the four quarters. these "guardians" are often associated with specific entities, such as dragons or salamanders, gnomes, sylphs and undines. it would seem obvious that here the group could be treading on dangerous ground. in fact this was very pointedly brought home to one coven who once forgot) to banish the salamanders of the south at the end of their rites. they were surprised when, shortly after the meeting, fire suddenly broke out in the south of the covenstead! i do not recommend that you indulge in su


CASSANDRA EASON A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO WITCHCRAFT AND MAGIC

uals, as well as matters concerning your home and family. it is also used for magick concerning animals, all who work with their hands, especially in agriculture, horticulture and environmentalism, in finance or maintaining law and order, for banks and financial and legal institutions. earth can thereby form a focus for rituals where justice and authority are an issue. its elemental creatures are gnomes, with their stores of hidden treasure, wisdom and, above all, common sense. they are a reminder that what is of worth does not necessarily offer excitement or instant results. earth's colours are green or brown. its zodiacal signs are taurus, virgo and capricorn. air air represents dawn, spring and the quarter and direction of the east. some practitioners open their circles facing this dire


DICTIONARY GLOSSARY OF OCCULT TERMINOLOGY

show changes in electric patterns and potential in the brain. elemental: 1) a non-physical entity composed entirely of one of the magickal elements. these entities should actually be more properly called "elementaries (q.v) according to classic grimoires (q.v. 2) a spirit formed entirely from one of the four magickal elements (q.v) being: fire= salamanders; air= sylphs; water= undines; and earth= gnomes. these attributions were made by the ancient german occultist, paracelsus. 3) a "nature spirit" one of the living beings of the astral (q.v) world. less individuated than human beings, sub rational, highly sensitive, emotional, and imaginative creatures with the primary make up of one element (q.v) and that element's attributes. elemental, artificial: an entity similar to an elemental, but

ities feed off of the energy given to them by persons who believe that they are communicating with the spirits of deceased family members and friends. goetia: howling. a popular grimoire (q.v) with instructions for evoking (q.v) nonphysical entities. a part of the lesser key of solomon. often mistakenly thought of as that entire book. high magick (q.v) that is involved with so-called demons (q.v. gnomes: the elemtaries (q.v/ elementals (q.v) of earth (q.v. the good spirits (q.v) that live in the depths of the earth. traditionally, they are said to guard buried treasure. gnosis: greek for "knowledge" a total gestalt comprehension of the universe and the relationship between divinity (god) and humanity. the goal of members of gnostic sects that flourished in the early centuries of the christ


DONALDTYSON ELEMENT

re opposites and are antagonistic, as are air and earth. fire and air are friendly to each other, as are water and earth. elementals are called by various names, but the set of four names applied to them by the german magician paracelsus is most commonly used today. paracelsus called the fire elementals salamanders, the water elementals undines, the air elementals sylphs, and the earth elementals gnomes. salamanders are explosive and quick in their movements, very bright, with extreme and unstable emotions. they can assume many forms, but their forms usually reflect the appearance of a flame. they favor the male form. for example, were a salamander to put on the appearance of a man, its hair would be wavy and red, its complexion flushed, its eyes like embers, its body slender and active, i

sh matters that involve the intellect or products of the intellect, such as works of art, letters, books, ideas, religious dogmas, political manifestos, or the persuasion of others through ideas. there is little danger in evoking sylphs, but they have a mild contempt for human beings and will lie very convincingly when it suits their purposes. be vigilant against deception when dealing with them. gnomes are not like the funny little men in the pointed hats that go under this name in popular folklore, but they are by nature more substantial than the other classes of elementals. they dwell in holes, mines, crevices and caverns in the ground. the best place to communicate with them is in a cave or cellar. they are the most fallibly human in their personalities, and are prey to all the weaknes

nting. they are obedient to the will of the magician if the magician is serious and in complete control of his own emotions, and knows what he wishes to accomplish. if the magician is weak or uncertain, salamanders will be angry, contemptuous, and may become violent; sylphs will be mocking, uncooperative, and may attempt to deceive; undines will be beguiling, and attempt to seduce and manipulate; gnomes will be surly, stubborn, and may commit acts of vandalism. if the magician is very uncertain of his art, or treats the matter as a joke, the elementals will usually refuse to appear or manifest themselves at all. historically, gnomes were the most popular type of elemental because magicians used them to locate lost objects, to find rich deposits of ore in the ground, and to reveal the locat

hemselves at all. historically, gnomes were the most popular type of elemental because magicians used them to locate lost objects, to find rich deposits of ore in the ground, and to reveal the locations of buried treasures. in the centuries before reliable banks, when wealth consisted of gold or silver coins, it was not uncommon for individuals to conceal their savings under the ground. it is the gnomes, by the way, who control the response of the dowsing wand, not the undines, as you might expect- dowsing is used to locate minerals and metals just as often as it is used to find water. the original dowsers were german miners, who employed the dowsing rod to find new veins of ore. undines were most often employed for sexual purposes. they make excellent lovers, and when treated with kindnes


ELIPHAS LEVI THE CONJURATION OF THE FOUR ELEMENTS

gration, of crossing a gulf upon the trunk of a tree or upon a plank, or scaling a steep mountain during a storm, or getting away from a cascade, or from a dangerous whirlpool by swimming. the man who fears water will never reign over the undines; he who is afraid of fire cannot command the salamanders; as long as we are subject to dizziness we must leave the sylphs in peace, and not irritate the gnomes; for inferior spirits only obey a power that is proved to them by showing itself their master even in their own element. when we have acquired by boldness and practice this incontestable power, we may impose upon the elements the mandate (verbe) of our will, by special consecrations of air, fire, water, and earth. this is the indispensable beginning of all magic operations. we exercise the

cessantly burn with the desire of possessing thee, o father! o mother! the most tender of all mothers! o admirable archetype of maternity and pure love! o son, the flower of sons! o form of all forms; soul, spirit, harmony and number of all things. amen. we exorcise the earth by the sprinkling of water, by the breath and by fire, with the perfumes proper for each day, and we say the prayer of the gnomes. invisible king who has taken the earth as a support, and who has dug abysses in order to fill them with the omnipotence! thou whose name makest the arches of the world tremble! thou who makest the seven metals circulate in the veins of stone; monarch of seven luminaries! rewarder of subterranean workmen! bring us to the desirable air and to the kingdom of light. we watch and work without r

y workmen! o silvery whiteness! o golden splendor! o crown of diamonds, living and melodious! thou who bearest the sky upon thy finger, like a ring of sapphire! thou who hidest under the earth, in the kingdom of gems, the wonderful seed of stars! all hail! reign; and be the eternal dispenser of riches, of which thou hast made us the guardians. amen. we most observe that the special kingdom of the gnomes is at the north; that of the salamanders at the south; that of the sylphs at the east; and that of the undines at the west. they influence the four temperaments of men (i. e, the gnomes, the melancholic; the salamanders, the sanguine; the undines, the phlegmatic; and the sylphs, the bilious. their signs are as follows: the hieroglyphs of the bull for the gnomes, and we command them with the

gns are as follows: the hieroglyphs of the bull for the gnomes, and we command them with the sword; of the lion for the salamanders, and we command them with the forked wand, or the magic trident; of the eagle for the sylphs, and we command them with the holy pentacles; finally with aquarius for the undines, and we evoke them with the cup of libations. their respective sovereigns are, gob for the gnomes, djiu for the salamanders, paralda for the sylphs, and nicksa for the undines. when an elementary spirit comes to torment, or at least to annoy the inhabitants of this world, we must conquer it by means of air, water, fire and earth, blowing, sprinkling, burning perfumes, and tracing on the earth the star of solomon and the sacred pentagram. these figures should be perfectly regular, and ma

ecede and terminate the conjuration of the four. in order to control and subject elementary spirits we must never yield to the defects which characterize them. thus a light and capricious mind can never govern the sylphs. an effeminate, cold, and changeable nature will never control the undines. anger irritates the salamanders, and covetous rudeness renders those whom it enslaves the sport of the gnomes. but it is necessary to be as prompt and active as the sylphs; as flexible and attentive to images as the undines. as energetic and strong as the salamanders; as laborious and patient as the gnomes; in a word, we must conquer them in their strength, without ever allowing ourselves to be enthralled by their weaknesses. when we shall be well fixed in this disposition, the entire world will be


ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OCCULTISM AND PARAPSYCHOLOGY VOL 1

nglia before becoming one of the early members of the golden dawn in july 1888 at the age of 72, together with his wife. he took the magical motto virtute orta occident rarius (those that rise by virtue rarely fall, his wife, anne, took soror quam potero adjutabo (i will help as much as i can. ayton was a good latin scholar, a firm believer in the mahatmas of helena petrovna blavatsky, as well as gnomes and elementals. with his wife, he had been a secret practitioner of alchemy for many years and claimed to have rediscovered the elixir of life. the poet w. b. yeats, also a golden dawn member, described ayton as the most panic-stricken person he had known. presumably as an elderly clergyman, pursuing secret researches in occultism and alchemy, ayton was fearful of being discovered by his ch

is manifestly false. it has been reprinted in paris from time to time in editions for collectors, but without any indication of its true origin. the full title translates as the black pullet; or, the hen with the golden eggs, comprising the science of magical talismans and rings, the art of necromancy and of the kabalah, for the conjuration of aerial and infernal spirits, of sylphs, undines, and gnomes, serviceable for the aquisition of the secret sciences, for the discovery of treasures, for obtaining power to command all beings, and to unmask all sciences and bewitchments. the whole following the doctrines of socrates, pythagoras, zoroaster, son of the grand aromasis, and other philosophers whose works in ms. escaped the conflagration of the library of ptolemy. translated from the langu

e of the lock, first drafted in 1711, states, the rosicrucians are a people i must bring you acquainted with. the best account i know of them is in a french book call d le comte de gabalis, which both in its title and size is so like a novel, that many of the fair sex have read it for one by mistake. according to these gentlemen, the four elements are inhabited by spirits, which they call sylphs, gnomes, nymphs, and salamanders. they say, any mortals may enjoy the most intimate familiarities with these gentle spirits, upon a condition very easy to all true adepts, an inviolate preservation of chastity. the book is also cited by bulwer lytton (1803.1873) in his occult novel zanoni. sources: de villars, abbe. comte de gabalis. 1821. reprint, london: methuen, 1941. reprint, quakertown, pa: ph

of this article, doyle relied on others to argue the case. geoffrey hodson, a medium who visited elsie and frances in cottingley in august 1921 and whose account was included in doyle s book, published his own book on the subject. in fairies at work and play (1925) hodson cites the cottingley fairy photos as evidence that fairies exist. his book also describes other sightings of brownies, elves, gnomes, manikins, undins, sea spirits, sylphs, devas, and nature spirits. that same year doyle wrote a letter to the northern whig and belfast post in which he blasted an allusion to the fairy photographs as if they had been in some way explained or discredited. he declared this is not so, and reviewed the evidence that supported their veracity, including the letter that appeared in the cape argus

olcanic encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. demonology 395 eruptions, and the shadowy ones who are somewhat like ghosts (st. augustine (354.430 c.e) considered all demons under the last category) psellus s classification is not unlike the system of the middle ages, which divided all spirits into those belonging to the four elements: fire, air, earth, and water (salamanders, sylphs, gnomes, and undines, respectively. early concepts of demonology the medieval idea of demons, of course, evolved from ancient christian and gnostic belief, especially from the accounts of demons in the bible. among the jews, the gods of the surrounding nations were called demons, and those nations were condemned for making sacrifices to demons instead of to the one god, yahweh (deut. 32:17; ps. 106

iderably lower than that of a human. sources: levi, eliphas. transcendental magic. london: redway, 1896. reprint, new york: samuel weiser, 1970. encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. elementals 489 elementary spirits the unseen entities said to inhabit the four elements; they are composed of the finest essence of each element. the creatures of the air are called sylphs; of the earth, gnomes; of fire, salamanders; and of water, nymphs or undines. the abbe de villars (1635.ca. 1673) is often cited as an authority on the subject, since he published a treatise entitled comte de gabalis (1670, from which a good deal of what follows is drawn. according to this work, before the fall, the creatures of the elements were subject to adam in all things. by means of certain performances th

daughters are of a masculine type of beauty, such as that of the amazons. the seas and rivers are inhabited as well as the air, and the beings dwelling there are designated undines, or nymphs, by the sages. the female population much exceeds the male, the women being so exceedingly beautiful that among the daughters of men there is none to equal them. the earth is filled almost to the center with gnomes, beings of small stature that guard subterranean treasure, minerals, and precious stones. they are ingenious, friendly toward men, and easy to command. they provide the children of the sages with all the money they require, asking no other reward for their services than the glory of performing them. the gnomides, their wives, are small of stature but very good-looking, and they dress very c

the children of elementary spirits. the salamanders, the comte de gabalis goes on to say, are composed of the most subtle particles of the sphere of fire, conglobated and organized by the action of the universal fire, so called because it is the principle of all the motions of nature. the sylphs are composed of the purest atoms of the air; the nymphs, of the most delicate particles of water; the gnomes, of the finest essence of earth. adam was in complete accord with these creatures because, being composed of that which was purest in the four elements, he contained in himself the perfections of these four species and was their natural king. but since by reason of his sin he was cast into the excrements of the elements, there no longer existed the harmony between him, so impure and gross

m the mixture of other elements, will become in a very short time a sovereign means of exalting the fire within us and make us, so to speak, of an igneous nature. thereafter, the creatures of the fire will become our inferiors, and, delighted at the restoration of mutual harmony between themselves and the human race, they will show toward man all the goodwill they have for their own kind. sylphs, gnomes, and nymphs are more familiar with humans than are the salamanders, on account of their shorter term of life, and it is therefore easier to get in touch with them. to restore its dominion over the sylphs, gnomes, or nymphs, the human race must close a glass full of air, earth, or water and expose it to the sun for a month, after which its various elements must be separated according to scie

oint of the ordeals being that the man should show himself unafraid of the elements whose inhabitants he desires to rule. in medieval times the evocation and exorcism of elementary spirits was practiced extensively, the crystal being a favorite means of evoking them. the exorcism of earth was performed by means of breathing, sprinkling water, burning incense, and repeating a certain prayer to the gnomes. air was exorcised by breathing toward the four cardinal points and by reciting prayers to the air spirits (sylphs. casting salt, incense, sulphur, camphor, and white resin into a fire was considered efficacious in exorcising that element. in the case of water, breathing and laying on of hands, repeating formulas, mixing salt and ashes of incense, and other ceremonies were to be observed. i

may be taken by the lower elementals of earth. the inhabitants of each element have their peculiar virtues and vices that serve to distinguish them. the sylphs are capricious and inconstant, but agile and active; the undines, jealous and cold, but observant; elementary spirits encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. 490 the salamanders, hot and hasty, but energetic and strong; and the gnomes, greedy of gold and treasures, but nevertheless hardworking, good-tempered, and patient. anyone who would seek dominion over any of these must practice their virtues but carefully avoid their faults, thus conquering them, as it were, on their own ground. each species can dwell only in its own proper element. thus a sylph may not invade the sphere of a salamander, or vice versa, while both w

mpered, and patient. anyone who would seek dominion over any of these must practice their virtues but carefully avoid their faults, thus conquering them, as it were, on their own ground. each species can dwell only in its own proper element. thus a sylph may not invade the sphere of a salamander, or vice versa, while both would be decidedly out of their element in the regions of the nymphs or the gnomes. four rulers have been set over the four species.gob, ruler of the gnomes; paralda, of the sylphs; djin, of the salamanders; and necksa, of the nymphs. the dwellers in each element are assigned a point of the compass, which is where their special kingdom lies. to the gnomes is given the north, to the salamanders, the south, to the sylphs, the east, and to the undines, the west. the gnomes i

k mysterious psychic forces (1907: either it is we who produce these phenomena, or it is spirits. but mark this well: these spirits are not necessarily the souls of the dead; for other kinds of spiritual beings may exist, and space may be full of them without our ever knowing anything about it, except under unusual circumstances. do we not find in the different ancient literature, demons, angels, gnomes, goblins, sprites, spectres, elementals, etc? perhaps these legends are not without some foundation in fact. evans-wentz concludes that we can postulate scientifically, on the showing of the data of psychical research, the existence of such invisible intelligences as gods, genii, daemons, all kinds of true fairies, and disembodied men. in his assertions, evans- wentz goes far beyond the ter

aths, the women admitted the hoax. doyle s book continues to be reprinted and circulated, primarily in theosophical circles. many theosophists became convinced of the truth of the girls story after independent claims regarding the reality of the cottingley fairies came from theosophist geoffrey hodson, who visited the cottingley glen with the two girls in 1921 and affirmed that he saw wood elves, gnomes, goblins, and other nature spirits. in her book the real world of fairies (1977, theosophical leader dora van gelder, who grew up in java, states that she played with fairies and later even saw them in new york s central park. other british psychics, including vincent turvey and horace leaf, also claimed to see fairies, and in 1927 the fairy investigation society was formed in britain to co

to his hometown in bavaria. there he claimed to have encountered a sect of secret rosicrucians from whom he acquired many mystical insights. he was president of the theosophical society in germany for a brief period, but eventually resigned to found independent societies. during his later years he spent much time in the untersberg mountains near salzburg, austria, where he believed he encountered gnomes, water nymphs, and other nature spirits and also wrote his more memorable books. he died at kempten, bavaria, august 7, 1912. hart, hornell (norris) encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. 696 sources: hartmann, franz. an adventure among the rosicrucians. boston: occult publishing, 1887. in the pronaos of the temple of wisdom. london: theosophical society, 1890. reprint, chicago:

the polar openings are made by, among others, raymond bernard in his book the hollow earth (1969. a persistent variant of the hollow earth cosmology is the idea that the earth is honeycombed with a network of secret subterranean cities and caverns, the home of underground kingdoms. such notions have been articulated by richard shaver. these are modern versions of older folklore about fairies and gnomes. sources: gardner, marshall b. a journey to the earth s interior; or, have the poles really been discovered? aurora, ill: the author, 1913. lang, johannes. die hohlwelttheorie. franfurt am main, germany: goethe verlag, 1938. teed, cyrus reed. the cellular cosmogony; or, the earth, a concave sphere. chicago: guiding star, 1899. walton, bruce a. a guide to the inner earth. jane lew, w. va: ne

s of houses to combat the god of poverty. nature and her manifestations are the result of indwelling soul-life. the japanese mind, imbued with this belief, peopled nature with multiform shapes. there were dragons with lairs in ocean and river that could fly abroad in the air, while from their panting breath came clouds of rain and tempests of lightning. in the mountains and forests were bird-like gnomes who often beset wayfaring men and women and stole away their wits. there were also mountain men, huge hairy monkeys, who helped the woodcutters in return for food, and mountainwomen, ogres with bodies grown over with long white hair, who flitted like evil moths in search of human flesh. legend also told of the senrim, hermits of the mountains, who knew all the secrets of magic. they were at


ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OCCULTISM AND PARAPSYCHOLOGY VOL 2

s formed by the interlacement of two triangles: its points thus constitute the perfect number six. magicians wore it bound on their brows and breasts during ceremonies, and it was engraved on the silver reservoirs of magic lamps. the tetragram, symbolic of the four elements, was used in the conjuration of the elementary spirits.sylphs of the air, undines of the water, and the fire salamanders and gnomes of the earth. in alchemy it represented the magical elements salt, sulphur, mercury, and azoth; in mystic philosophy, the ideas spirit, matter, motion, and rest; in hieroglyphs, the man, eagle, lion, and bull. the pentagram, the sign of the microcosm, was held to be the most powerful means of conjuration in any rite. it might represent good as well as evil, for with one point in the ascenda

t be separately consecrated. the prayer of the undines should follow. fire is exorcised by casting salt, incense, white resin, camphor, and sulphur therein, and by thrice pronouncing the three names of the genii of fire: michael, samael, and anael, and then by reciting the prayer of the salamanders. the earth is exorcised by the sprinkling of water, by breathing, by fire, and by the prayer of the gnomes. their signs are the hieroglyphs of the bull for the gnomes who are commanded with the magic sword; of the lion for the salamanders, who are commanded with the forked rod, or magic trident; of the eagle for the sylphs, who are ruled by the holy pentacles; and finally, of aquarius for the undines, who are evoked by the cup of libations. their respective sovereigns are gob for the gnomes, dji

ing the pentacle of solomon in his hand and taking up by turns the sword, rod, and cup, this operation being preceded and terminated by the kabalistic sign of the cross. in order to subjugate an elementary spirit, the magus must be himself free of their besetting sins, thus a changeful person cannot rule the sylphs, nor a fickle one the undines, an angry man the salamanders, or a covetous one the gnomes (the formula for the evocation of spirits is given under necromancy) the white magician did not concern himself as a rule with such matters as the raising of demons, animal transformations, and the like, his whole desire being the exaltation of his spiritual nature, and the questions put by him to the spirits he evoked were all directed to that end. however, the dividing line between white

tub. basilisks, fearsome monsters whose terrible eyes would strike the miner dead, were another source of dread to the worker underground. these, as well as other mysterious foes who dealt fatal blows, may be traced to the dreaded, but by no means ghostly, fire-damp or perhaps to underground lizards. mines of precious metals were believed to be even more jealously guarded by supernatural beings. gnomes, the creatures of the earth element, were the special guardians of subterra- encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. mines, haunted 1039 nean treasure, and they were anxious to defend their province. mines containing precious stones were equally well looked after. the indians of peru declared that evil spirits haunted the emerald mines, while a mine in the neighborhood of los esm

station st, brookline, ma 02147. nature spirits (or elementals) according to theosophy, nature spirits have bodies composed of the finer kinds of matter. there are countless hosts of them, divided into seven classes, which, allowing for two unmanifested forms, belong to the ether, air, fire, water, and earth.the last four being called by followers of the kabala, sylphs, salamanders, undines, and gnomes respectively. at the head of each class is a deva or inferior god. nature spirits are said to work in unsuspected ways, sometimes lending their aid to human beings in the form of certain national spiritualist association of churches encyclopedia of occultism& parapsychology. 5th ed. 1092 faculties, while those in the astral world are engaged in the creation of form out of the matter that th

erent angles have been preserved, and those who desire so to do can thus make serious and important studies. this woman rises in the air, no matter what bands tie her down. she seems to lie upon the empty air, as on a couch, contrary to all the laws of gravity; she plays on musical instruments. organs, bells, tambourines.as if they had been touched by her hands or moved by the breath of invisible gnomes. this woman at times can increase her stature by more than four inches. she is like an india rubber doll, like an automaton of a new kind; she takes strange forms. how many legs and arms has she? we do not know. while her limbs are being held by incredulous spectators, we see other limbs coming into view, without her knowing where they come from. her shoes are too small to fit these witch-f


EXTRAORDINARY ENCOUNTERS AN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EXTRATERRESTRIALS AND OTHERWORLDY BEINGS

explain; neither could the police officer who was on the scene within an hour. gonzalez thought that the little men were not chaneques but space travelers from some other planet, since chaneques were not known to cause pointless destruction. see also: close encounters of the third kind; fairies encountered further reading pantoja lopez, ramon a, and robert freeman bound, 1974. chaneques: mexican gnomes or interplanetary visitors? fate 27, 11 (november: 51 57. channeling channeling is new in name only. it refers to the process whereby disembodied entities communicate ideas and information through human beings who are either in full waking consciousness or in an altered state. the communicating entities may be deceased persons, gods, angels, extraterrestrials, extradimensional intelligences


FAUST

e. a satyr the satyr now comes hopping in with foot of goat and withered shin; he needs to have them wiry-thin, for chamois-like on mountain heights to look around him he delights. braced by the air of freedom then, he jeers at children, women, and men, who deep in the valley s smoke and stew fondly imagine they re living too, while pure and undisturbed and lone the world up there is all his own. gnomes tripping, a little crowd appears. they do not like to go in pairs; in mossy garb, with lamplet bright, they move commingling, swift and light, where each his task can best perform, like firefly-ants, a crowding swarm. they scurry, busy, here and there, bustling and working everywhere. kinship to kind good-men we own, as surgeons of the rocks are known, the mountains high, go sapping them, t

are pervade the still and silent air. then may the nymph in joy not leap and where she stood, she falls asleep. but when at unexpected hour, his voice is heard in all its power, like crack of lightning, roar of sea, then no one knows which way to flee. brave warriors into panic break, and in the tumult heroes quake. hence honour to whom honour s due, hail him who led us here to you! deputation of gnomes [to great pan. when the treasure rich and shining, winds through clefts its thread-like way and naught but the rod s divining can its labyrinths display, troglodytes in caverns spacious, under vaulted roofs we bide, while in day s pure air thou, gracious, all the treasures dost divide. we discover here quite near us treasure rich, a fountain vein, aptly promising to bear us more than one co


GILBERT THE MAGICAL MASON

for this change was a rosicrucian secret. in this order also are allotted the seasons winter, summer, spring and autumn;butif placed in the order of ihvh, the succession would be the natural one of summer, autumn, winter and spring, and fire, water, air and earth. then follow the four groups of so-called elemental spirits, the salamanders of fire, the undines of water, the sylphs of air, and the gnomes of earth, invisibletoordinary men and women, but dwelling in our environment; they were deemed tobeof varying temper in their relations to man; la motte fouque wrote four little tales in regard to these beings: they were named undine, aslauga's knight, sintram and his companions, andthetwo captains. these elemental beings, whose existence is now generally scoffed at, are suggested in numero


GILBERT THE SORCERER AND HIS APPRENTICE

efourcardinal points. east- mezrachmu:i,west--meorebsouth-v-253daromc,,north- tzaphon27.thearchangels of the four elements.t..michael.6.raphael 'y auriel or uriel\lgabriel28. theofthe four elements.t>.arel.'m'm..6.chassanren'y phorlakh\ltaliahad29.therulers of the four elements.t>.seraph:"e-.6.ariel'vkerub\ltharsis30.the kings of the four orders of elementals. salamanderst>.djin.sylphs.6.panllda. gnomes'y ghob or gob. undines\7nicksa;31. in 'the formation of a magical pentacle or talisman consider first under what planet or element etc, it falls. then collect all the names of the sephira to which it belongs as well as those of its angels, intelligences, etc, also the sigils numbers, geomantic characters, lineal figures, thereunto belonging, then classify and arrange. 32.themethod of formin


GOLDEN DAWN INVOKING PENTAGRAM RITUAL OF EARTH

archangel at your left, who rises up from the vegetation of the earth in robes of citrine, olive, russet, and black, holding stems of ripened wheat. say "on my left hand uriel (ur-ee-el (say "for about me flames the pentagram, and in the column shines the six-rayed star" give the adoration to the lord of the universe go to the north and give the zelator sign facing north recite the prayer of the gnomes: o invisible king who, taking the earth for foundation, didst hollow its depths to fill them with thy almighty power. thou whose name shaketh the arches of the world! thou who causest the seven metals to flow through the veins of the rocks! king of the seven lights! rewarder of the subterranean workers! lead us into the desirable air and into the realm of splendor. we watch and we labor unc


GOLDEN DAWN PRAYERS OF THE ELEMENTALS

s of shaddai el chai! perform the lbrp with the black end of the wand. say: i now declare this temple duly closed. so mote it s the sanctuary of maat order of the golden dawn- content http//www.ritual-magic.com/welcome/modules.php?name=content. 1 of 2 6/27/2004 7:59 am the prayers of the elementals from dogme et rituel de haute magie by eliphaz l vi translated by persons unknown the prayer of the gnomes or earth spirits. o invisible king, who, taking the earth for foundation, didst hollow its depths to fill them with thy almighty power. thou whose name shaketh the arches of the world, thou who causest the seven metals to flow in the veins of the rocks, king of the seven lights, rewarder of the subterranean workers, lead us into the desirable air and into the realm of splendour. we watch an


GOLDEN DAWN RITUALS ZAM21

ce necessary for the defense of (each quarter is stabbed, starting in the west, and ending in the west) 9 third adept (moves to the north altar, holding the lotus wand by the taurus band "in the name of adonai ha aretz, i invoke the protective power of aretz in the cardinal point of tzaphon and its great archangel auriel, its mighty angel phorlakh, its powerful king ghob, its ruler kerub, and its gnomes. protect now this holy temple of earth from all opposing forces who would harm or destroy the holy order of the r.r. et a.c. and loyal subjects of the golden dawn. use thy mighty forces of earth to first create a wall of invisibility and of protection through the radiation of the rosea crucis and in the name of yehashua. stand guard without cessation, and use whatever force necessary for th


GOLDEN DAWN RITUALS ZAM5

ight around your feet and ankles. remember that indigo appears almost as black to the naked eye. superimpose the kerubic sign of b in the flashing color of pale yellow on top of the ball of brilliant indigo. step 2 6 vibrate ynda and the angelic names layrwa and ]alrwp. continue to vibrate the names of power until you feel the spiritual energies growing to a maximum. then recite the prayer of the gnomes "holy art thou, lord of earth, which thou has made for thy footstool. ymda rah ]lm ynda. unto thee be the kingdom and the power and the glory twklm, hrwbg, hlwdg. amen. the rose of sharon and the lily of the valley. o thou who hidest beneath the earth, in the valley of gems, the marvelous seed of stars. live, reign, and be thou the eternal dispenser of treasures, whereof thou hast made us w


HELENA BLAVATSKY THE KEY TO THEOSOPHY

om the word ego. egoity means "individuality"-never "personality" as it is the opposite of egoism or "selfishness" the characteristic par excellence of the latter. eidolon (gr) the same as that which we term the human phantom, the astral form. elementals (spirits of the elements) the creatures evolved in the four kingdoms, or elements-earth, air, fire, and water. they are called by the cabalists, gnomes (of the earth, sylphs (of the air, salamanders (of the fire, and undines (of the water, except a few of the higher kinds and their rulers. they are rather the forces of nature than ethereal men and women. these forces, as the servile agents of the occultist, may produce various effects; but if employed by elementaries (kamarupas)-in which case they enslave the mediums-they will deceive. all


HOWE THE ALCHEMIST OF THE GOLDEN DAWN

lp as much as i can- had many bees in his clerical bonnet, including an obsessive fear of the machinations of 'the b.b, i.e, the black brethren (iesuitsl, and a trusting belief in the authenticity of madame helena petrovna blavatsky's mahatmas, her and the theosophical society's invisible secret chiefs. he believed, too, in elementals (nature spirits) and the dangerous territory inhabited by 'the gnomes. by any standard of assessment the vicar of chacombe, a small village (population c. 450) close to banbury in the county and diocese of oxford, was a strange and remarkable man. w. a. ayton, the son of william capon ayton, was born in the bloomsbury district of london on 28 april 18i 6, and was therefore in his 73rd year when he joined the g.d. in 1888 (westcott was then forty and mathers t

o nothing but mi f?rtune an misery and wasted lives. before i give a final decision on this point i would like to look into the book again. you ask me about a process you have read lately &c. it is not usual to put anything clearly on paper, and i am constrained to keep to the old rule. i have lately had a strange remind r in a mysterious way, that i am treading very close upon the regions of the gnomes and that if i reveal too much, there exists a power which can inflict sudden death. as i have only sought the elixir of life, this is the more strange, but it behoves me to be careful. i can say this much that you are certainly in the right road, but so i have been for this 50 years. i got no further because i was not physically prepared personally for it. all w o ave written upo it have de


INITIATION INTO HERMETICS

way. as to further details, see the practical part of this book. another kind of being the adept often has to deal with in the astral plane must not be overlooked, namely the beings of the four pure elements. in the element of fire, their name is salamander; in the air element they are the sylphs, in the water element, they are called mermaids or undines, and in the element of earth there are the gnomes or goblins. these beings represent, as it were, the connection between the astral plane and the earthly elements. how to establish the connection with these beings, how to control them, what can be achieved with their help, all will be reserved to the practical part of the present book to which i shall dedicate the special chapter, magic of the elements. furthermore, there is a host of othe

superciliousness, to say nothing of bad qualities in his heart, for the deeper he penetrates into god s workshop, the more humble and receptive he will become. the first task that the magician is facing in the tenth step is to win his way to the knowledge of the sphere of the elements. with his mental body he will visit the different spheres of the elements, transfer himself to the kingdom of the gnomes, or earth-sprites, afterward to the kingdom of the water nymphs. he gets to know the kingdom of the fairies and finally that of the salamanders, the so-called kingdom of fire. to a non-magician all this will be rubbish and he will regard it as a utopian idea. but neither fairy tales nor sagas exist for the true adept, because they are to be understood as a sort of symbolism concealing many

dom of the water nymphs. he gets to know the kingdom of the fairies and finally that of the salamanders, the so-called kingdom of fire. to a non-magician all this will be rubbish and he will regard it as a utopian idea. but neither fairy tales nor sagas exist for the true adept, because they are to be understood as a sort of symbolism concealing many deep truths. it is the same thing with all the gnomes, nymphs, fairies and salamanders. based on his own observations, the magician can convince himself that beings like these really do exist. on the other hand, a magically untrained person whose senses are thoroughly undeveloped is of course subject to the vibrations of the material world only and will never be able to form a mental picture of the existence of any other kind of beings, to say

then after a certain time the mental bond between the astral and the physical body would break asunder, which would mean the physical death. in such a case a medical expert would find out death from heart attack and nothing more. but the magician who has obtained the necessary control in the course of his magical training and considers this law has nothing to fear. on the contrary, as soon as the gnomes begin to talk, they see in him a being higher in rank and superior to them and will try to make friends with him. this law forbidding you to address gnomes first is meant only for the first visits; later on, if the sprites are convinced of the magician s superiority in willpower and intelligence, they will enjoy it and become his most obedient servants. the earth sprites are nearest to man

make friends with him. this law forbidding you to address gnomes first is meant only for the first visits; later on, if the sprites are convinced of the magician s superiority in willpower and intelligence, they will enjoy it and become his most obedient servants. the earth sprites are nearest to man and like to serve him, especially if they recognize his superiority. visits to the kingdom of the gnomes would be repeated as often as there is something new to be seen. he can learn a great deal from the gnomes and not one book in the whole wide world can reveal so many secrets about the subterranean kingdom to him as he can hear in the world of gnomes. for example, the magician can get a great deal of knowledge about the power and the effect of different herbs, he can learn how to achieve a

idden treasures and other strange things. he will be witness of everything that happens ad exists below the surface of the earth such as springs, coal, minerals, etc. the magician may learn several magic tricks that can be exploited through the earth element. in the course of time the magician will notice that there are different groups of intelligences among the earth sprites in the world of the gnomes. he will meet gnomes who are able to give him a lecture on alchemy. when at last the magician feels quite at home in the kingdom of gnomes, and when he has made all the experiments that these beings were able to teach him, then he is allowed to visit the kingdom next to it, namely that of the water sprites or nymphs. in the very same way he may look for a water sprite in his magic mirror, a


ISRAEL REGARDIE A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO GEOMANTIC DIVINATION

ots. in this way, four basic or primary geomantic figures of four lines each will be produced. these four figures are called the mothers. remember and i must repeat this with emphasis these sixteen lines of dots resulting in the first the question 37 chapter four the question it was once written by alcistcr crowley in his book magick that the intelligences used in gcomancy the earth elcmentals or gnomes are not too reliable, or that their type of intelligence is not of the highest. therefore great care has to be exercised lest they be given an opportunity to deceive, or lest confusion and misunderstanding arise because the wording of the question has been carelessly considered. whether or not one agrees with the above, there should be no disagreement concerning the absolute necessity of em

' morality is essentially a human acquisition. conscience is unknown to the earth elcmentals. to confront them with this factor is to force them to deal with variable human factors which arc entirely foreign to their structure. if i asked the question for example 'will this book be successful' one becomes aware of the fact that many obscure issues arc raised. since there is no specificity for the gnomes to work with, no specific answer can be expected. what book is referred to? name it clearly, if you would avoid confusion. the title then, a practical guide to gcomantic divination, should be made part of the question. again, what is meant by the word 'successful? and for whom? docs it mean book sales going into hundreds of thousands of copies? hardbacked or paperbacked? does 'success' rais


JENNINGS HARGRAVE ROSICRUCIANS RITES MYSTERIES

step, he resolutely descended; and he deliberately counted the underground chamber. 7 two hundred and twenty steps. he felt no difficulty in his breathing, except a certain sort of aromatic smell of distant incense, that he thought egyptian, coming up now and then from below, as if from another, though a subterranean, world. possibly, thought he, for he had heard of them, the world of the mining gnomes: and i am breaking in upon their secrets, which is forbidden for man. the rustic, though courageous, was superstitious. but, notwithstanding some fits of fear, the countryman went on, and at a much lower angle he met a wall in his face; but, making a turn to the right, with singular credit to his nerves, the explorer went down again. and now he saw at a vast distance below, at the foot of a

ue cet incube devait tre un demon aqueux (il y a en effet, comme en temoigne guaccius, des demons ign s, a riens, flegmatiques, terrestres, souterrains, ennemis du jour) we may here remark that the above expresses some of the notions of the rosicrucians in regard to those that they denominate les enfans a riens et les enfantes a riennes: their ondins and ondines, their sylphs and sylphides, their gnomes and gnomides, their kebels, kebelles or kololds (krolls or krolles) and their salamanders and salamandrines. le th ologien rudit ordonna qu on fit imm diatement dans la charnbre de la jeune fille une fumigation de vapeur. on apporte en cons quence une marmite neuve en terre transparente; on y met une once de canne aromatique, de poivre cub be, de racines d aristoloche des deux esp ces, de c


KNOWLEDGE LECTURE TWO

ilver--the refined essence of heat and moisture the green lion the stem and root of the radical essence of metals the black dragon death putrefaction decay the king red- the qabalistic microprosopus tiphareth analogous to gold and the sun the queen white- the qabalistic bride of microprosopus malkah analogous to silver and the moon the four orders of the elements are: 1. the spirits of the earth: gnomes 2. the spirits of the air: sylphs 3. the spirits of the water: undines 4. the spirits of the fire: salamanders these are the essential spiritual beings called upon to praise god in the 'benedicite omnia opera. the kerubim are the living powers of tetragrammaton on the material plane and the presidents of the four elements. they operate through the fixed or kerubic signs of the zodiac and ar


LIBER 777

l system satyrs and fauns, panic-demons 27 muscular system furies, chim ras, boars (as in calydon &c. 28 kidneys, bladder &c. water nymphs, sirens, lorelei, mermaids (cf. f) 29 legs and feet phantoms, were-wolves 30 circulatory system will o the wisp 31 organs of circulation salamanders 32 excretory system ghuls, larv, corpse candles 32 bis excretory organs, skeleton the dweller of the threshold, gnomes 31 bis organs of intelligence [socratic genius] editorial note: the atus of thoth liber al, cap. i, v. 57 includes the statement: all these old letters of my book are aright: but x is not the star. this also is secret: my prophet shall reveal it to the wise. in crowley s new comment on this verse, he observes: i see no harm in revealing the mystery of tzaddi to the wise; others will hardly


LIBER CXX

weapon be advanced to the center and crieth "i am armed! i am armed! i am strong! i am strong (he goes to the west, where dwell the undines "with my wand i drive back the dwellers of water (to the south, where are salamanders "let the dwellers of fire cower before the fire of my sword (in the east, the home of the sylphs "let the winds draw back at the waving of the spear (in the north, among the gnomes "i have imprisoned the inhabitants of earth. let them keep silence before me (returns to center "i am armed! i am strong! let them bow, before the splendor of ra-hoor-khuit (next he performeth the 4 adorations as taught unto the outer world "i am the lord of thebes, and i the inspired forth-speaker of mentu; for me unveils the veiled sky, the self-slain ankh-af-na-khonsu whose words are tru


LIBER LIBRAE

elements, that cross from whose centre the creative word issued in the birth of the dawning universe. 19. be thou therefore prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice; be energetic and strong like the salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity; be flexible and attentive to images like the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability; be laborious and patient like the gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice. 20. so shalt thou gradually develop the powers of thy soul, and fit thyself to command the spirits of the elements. for wert thou to summon the gnomes to pander to thine avarice, thou wouldst no longer command them, but they would command thee. 4 liber libra wouldst thou abuse the pure beings of the woods and mountains to fill thy coffers and satisfy thy hu


LIBER LXXVIII

n one hand he bears a sceptre surmounted by a hexagram: in the other a pentacle like that of the zelator adeptus minor. unless very well dignified he is heavy, dull, and material. laborious, clever, and patient in material matters. if ill dignified, he is avaricious, grasping, dull, jealous; not very courageous, unless assisted by other symbols. rules from above 20 of e to 20 of f. b of e king of gnomes. a description of the cards of the taro 21 xviii the queen of the thrones of earth queen of pentacles a woman of beautiful face with dark hair; seated upon a throne, beneath which is dark sandy earth. one side of her face is light, the other dark; and her symbolism is best represented in profile. her attire is similar to that of the queen of wands: but she bears a winged goat fs head as a c

wands: but she bears a winged goat fs head as a crest. a goat is by her side. in one hand she bears a sceptre surmounted by a cube, and in the other an orb of gold. she is impetuous, kind; timid, rather charming; great-hearted; intelligent, melancholy; truthful, yet of many moods. if ill dignified she is undecided, capricious, changeable, foolish. she rules from 20 i to 20 j. c of e the queen of gnomes. xix the prince of the chariot of earth king of pentacles a winged kingly figure seated in a chariot drawn by a bull. he bears as a crest the symbol of the head of the winged bull. beneath the chariot is land, with many flowers. in one hand he bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounted by an orb and cross. increase of matter. increases good or evil, solidifie

one hand he bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounted by an orb and cross. increase of matter. increases good or evil, solidifies; practically applies things. steady; reliable. if ill dignified he is selfish, animal and material: stupid. in either case slow to anger, but furious if roused. rules from 20 a to 20 b. 22 liber lxxviii d of e prince and emperor of the gnomes. xx princess of the echoing hills: rose of the palace of earth knave of pentacles a strong and beautiful amazon figure with rich brown hair, standing on grass or flowers. a grove of trees near her. her form suggests hebe, ceres, and proserpine. she bears a winged ram's head as a crest: and wears a mantle of sheep-skin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disk: in the other a p

s a mantle of sheep-skin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disk: in the other a pentacle similar to that of the ace of pentacles. she is generous, kind, diligent, benevolent, careful, courage-ous, persevering, pitiful. if ill dignified she is wasteful and prodigal. she rules over one quadrant of the heavens around the north pole of the ecliptic. e of e princess and empress of the gnomes. throne of the ace of pentacles. a description of the cards of the taro 23 eyes grey or hazel blue or borwn blue-grey blue blue blue grey or brown blue or brown dark grey dark blue dark dark dark dark hair red-gold red-gold yellow red-gold fair gold-brown brown brown dark-brown light-brown dark light-brown dark dark dark-brown rich-brown symbols black horse, waving flames, club, scarlet clo


MANLY P HALL THE SECRET TEACHINGS OF ALL AGES

-the ages of the world- talismanic jewels--zodiacal and planetary stones and gems. 97 ceremonial magic and sorcery the black magic of egypt--doctor johannes faustus--the mephistopheles of the grimores--the invocation of spirits--pacts with demons--the symbolism of the pentagram. 101 p. 8 the elements and their inhabitants. the paracelsian theory of submundanes--the orders of elemental beings--the gnomes, undines, salamanders, and sylphs--demonology--the incubus and succubus- vampirism. 105 hermetic pharmacology, chemistry, and therapeutics the healing methods of paracelsus--palingenesis--hermetic theories concerning the cause of disease--medicinal properties of herbs--the use of drugs in the mysteries--the sect of the assassins. 109 the qabbalah, the secret doctrine of israel the written a

in the form of the letter t. this oaken cross became symbolic of their superior deity. they also worshiped the sun, moon, and stars. the moon received their special veneration. caesar stated that mercury was one of the chief deities of the gauls. the druids are believed to have worshiped mercury under the similitude of a stone cube. they also had great veneration for the nature spirits (fairies, gnomes, and undines, little creatures of the forests and rivers to whom many offerings were made. describing the temples of the druids, charles heckethorn, in the secret societies of all ages& countries, says "their temples wherein the sacred fire was preserved were generally situate on eminences and in dense groves of oak, and assumed various forms--circular, because a circle was the emblem of th

mber of living creatures, so, according to paracelsus, the invisible, spiritual counterpart of visible nature (composed of the tenuous principles of the visible elements) is inhabited by a host of peculiar beings, to whom he has given the name elementals, and which have later been termed the nature spirits. paracelsus divided these people of the elements into four distinct groups, which he called gnomes, undines, sylphs, and salamanders. he taught that they were really living entities, many resembling human beings in shape, and inhabiting worlds of their own, unknown to man because his undeveloped senses were incapable of functioning beyond the limitations of the grosser elements. the civilizations of greece, rome, egypt, china, and india believed implicitly in satyrs, sprites, and goblins

d his knowledge of them from oriental sages with whom he came in contact during his lifetime of philosophical wanderings. the egyptians and greeks gleaned their information from the same source. the four main divisions of nature spirits must now be considered separately, according to the teachings of paracelsus and the abb de villars and such scanty writings of other authors as are available. the gnomes the elementals who dwell in that attenuated body of the earth which is called the terreous ether are grouped together under the general heading of gnomes (the name is probably derived from the greek genomus, meaning earth dweller. see new english dictionary) just as there are many types of human beings evolving through the objective physical elements of nature, so there are many types of gn

and are supposed to be the guardians of hidden treasures. they live in caves, far down in what the scandinavians called the land of the nibelungen. in wagner's wonderful opera cycle, the ring of the nibelungen, alberich makes himself king of the pygmies and forces these little creatures to gather for him the treasures concealed beneath the surface of the earth. besides the pygmies there are other gnomes, who are called tree and forest sprites. to this group belong the sylvestres, satyrs, pans, dryads, hamadryads, durdalis, elves, brownies, and little old men of the woods. paracelsus states that the gnomes build houses of substances resembling in their constituencies alabaster, marble, and cement, but the true nature of these materials is unknown, having no counterpart in physical nature. s

called tree and forest sprites. to this group belong the sylvestres, satyrs, pans, dryads, hamadryads, durdalis, elves, brownies, and little old men of the woods. paracelsus states that the gnomes build houses of substances resembling in their constituencies alabaster, marble, and cement, but the true nature of these materials is unknown, having no counterpart in physical nature. some families of gnomes gather in communities, while others are indigenous to the substances with and in which they work. for example, the hamadryads live and die with the plants or trees of which they are a part. every shrub and flower is said to have its own nature spirit, which often uses the physical body of the plant as its habitation. the ancient philosophers, recognizing the principle of intelligence manife

be cut down remain with the broken shoots until both die, but while there is the slightest evidence of life in the shrub it shows the presence of the elemental guardian. great trees also have their nature spirits, but these are much larger than the elementals of smaller plants. the labors of the pygmies include the cutting of the crystals in the rocks and the development of veins of ore. when the gnomes are laboring with animals or human beings, their work is confined to the tissues corresponding with their own natures. hence they work with the bones, which belong to the mineral kingdom, and the ancients believed the reconstruction of broken members to be impossible without the cooperation of the elementals. the gnomes are of various sizes--most of them much smaller than human beings, thou

of broken members to be impossible without the cooperation of the elementals. the gnomes are of various sizes--most of them much smaller than human beings, though some of them have the power of changing their stature at will. this is the result of the extreme mobility of the element in which they function. concerning them the abb de villars wrote "the earth is filled well nigh to its center with gnomes, people of slight stature, who are the guardians of treasures, minerals and precious stones. they are ingenious, friends of man, and easy to govern" not all authorities agree concerning the amiable disposition of the gnomes. many state that they are of a tricky and malicious nature, difficult to manage, and treacherous. writers agree, however, that when their confidence is won they are fait

ous little people and were taught how to communicate with them and gain their cooperation in undertakings of importance. the magi were always warned, however, never to betray the trust of the elementals, for if they did, the invisible creatures, working through the subjective nature of man, could cause them endless sorrow and probably ultimate destruction. so long as the mystic served others, the gnomes would serve him, but if he sought to use their aid selfishly to gain temporal power they would turn upon him with unrelenting fury. the same was true if he sought to deceive them. the earth spirits meet at certain times of the year in great conclaves, as shakespeare suggests in his midsummer night's dream, where the elementals all gather to rejoice in the beauty and harmony of nature and th

to use their aid selfishly to gain temporal power they would turn upon him with unrelenting fury. the same was true if he sought to deceive them. the earth spirits meet at certain times of the year in great conclaves, as shakespeare suggests in his midsummer night's dream, where the elementals all gather to rejoice in the beauty and harmony of nature and the prospects of an excellent harvest. the gnomes are ruled over by a king, whom they greatly love and revere. his name is gob; hence his subjects are often called goblins. medi val mystics gave a corner of creation (one of the cardinal points) to each of the four kingdoms of nature spirits, and because of their earthy character the gnomes were assigned to the north--the place recognized by the ancients as the source of darkness and death

s gob; hence his subjects are often called goblins. medi val mystics gave a corner of creation (one of the cardinal points) to each of the four kingdoms of nature spirits, and because of their earthy character the gnomes were assigned to the north--the place recognized by the ancients as the source of darkness and death. one of the four main divisions of human disposition was also assigned to the gnomes, and because so many of them dwelt in the darkness of caves and the gloom of forests their temperament was said to be melancholy, gloomy, and despondent. by this it is not meant that they themselves are of such disposition, but rather that they have special control over elements of similar consistency. the gnomes marry and have families, and the female gnomes are called gnomides. some wear

as very aged, often with long white beards, and their figures are inclined to rotundity. they can be seen scampering out of holes in the stumps of trees and sometimes they vanish by actually dissolving into the tree itself. p. 107 labor. most of them are of a miserly temperament, fond of storing things away in secret places. there is abundant evidence of the fact that small children often see the gnomes, inasmuch as their contact with the material side of nature is not yet complete and they still function more or less consciously in the invisible worlds. according to paracelsus "man lives in the exterior elements and the elementals live in the interior elements. the latter have dwellings and clothing, manners and customs, languages and governments of their own, in the same sense as the bee

r which, according to st. jerome, was captured alive during the reign of constantine and exhibited to the people. it was of human form with the horns and feet of a goat. after its death it was preserved in salt and taken to the emperor that he might testify to its reality (it is within the bounds of probability that this curiosity was what modern science knows as a monstrosity) the undines as the gnomes were limited in their function to the elements of the earth, so the undines (a name given to the family of water elementals) function in the invisible, spiritual essence called humid (or liquid) ether. in its vibratory rate this is close to the element water, and so the undines are able to control, to a great degree, the course and function of this fluid in nature. beauty seems to be the ke

human beings and actually associating with men and women. there are many legends about these spirits and their adoption by the families of fishermen, but in nearly every case the undines heard the call of the waters and returned to the realm of neptune, the king of the sea. practically nothing is known concerning the male undines. the water spirits did not establish homes in the same way that the gnomes did, but lived in coral caves under the ocean or among the reeds growing on the banks of rivers or the shores of lakes. among the celts there is a legend to the effect that ireland was peopled, before the coming of its present inhabitants, by a strange race of semi-divine creatures; with the coming of the modem celts they retired into the marshes and fens, where they remain even to this day

rve untiringly. their temperament is said to be vital, and to them has been given as their throne the western corner of creation. they are rather emotional beings, friendly to human life and fond of serving mankind. they are sometimes pictured riding on dolphins or other great fish and seem to have a special love of flowers and plants, which they serve almost as devotedly and intelligently as the gnomes. ancient poets have said that the songs of the undines were heard in the west wind and that their lives were consecrated to the beautifying of the material earth. the salamanders the third group of elementals is the salamanders, or spirits of fire, who live in that attenuated, spiritual ether which is the invisible fire element of nature. without them material fire cannot exist; a match can

mes the philosophers of the ancient world manufactured many kinds of incense. when incense was burned, the vapors which arose were especially suitable as a medium for the expression of these elementals, who, by borrowing the ethereal effluvium from the incense smoke, were able to make their presence felt. the salamanders are as varied in their grouping and arrangement as either the undines or the gnomes. there are many families of them, differing in appearance, size, and dignity. sometimes the salamanders were visible as small balls of light. paracelsus says "salamanders have been seen in the shapes of fiery balls, or tongues of fire, running over the fields or peering in houses (philosophia occulta, translated by franz hartmann) medi val investigators of the nature spirits were of the opi

activity of the universe. general observations certain of the ancients, differing with paracelsus, shared the opinion that the elemental kingdoms were capable of waging war upon one another, and they recognized in the battlings of the elements disagreements among these kingdoms of nature spirits. when lightning struck a rock and splintered it, they believed that the salamanders were attacking the gnomes. as they could not attack one another on the plane of their own peculiar etheric essences, owing to the fact that there was no vibratory correspondence between the four ethers of which these kingdoms are composed, they had to attack through a common denominator, namely, the material substance of the physical universe over which they had a certain amount of power. wars were also fought withi

another on the plane of their own peculiar etheric essences, owing to the fact that there was no vibratory correspondence between the four ethers of which these kingdoms are composed, they had to attack through a common denominator, namely, the material substance of the physical universe over which they had a certain amount of power. wars were also fought within the groups themselves; one army of gnomes would attack another army, and civil war would be rife among them. philosophers of long ago solved the problems of nature's apparent inconsistencies by individualizing and personifying all its forces, crediting them with having temperaments not unlike the human and then expecting them to exhibit typical human inconsistencies. the four fixed signs of the zodiac were assigned to the four king

her army, and civil war would be rife among them. philosophers of long ago solved the problems of nature's apparent inconsistencies by individualizing and personifying all its forces, crediting them with having temperaments not unlike the human and then expecting them to exhibit typical human inconsistencies. the four fixed signs of the zodiac were assigned to the four kingdoms of elementals. the gnomes were said to be of the nature of taurus; the undines, of the nature of scorpio; the salamanders exemplified the constitution of leo; while the sylphs manipulated the emanations of aquarius. the christian church gathered all the elemental entities together under the title of demon. this is a misnomer with far-reaching consequences, for to the average mind the word demon means an evil thing


MATHERS MACGREGOR THE GREATER KEY OF SOLOMON VOL 1

ossessed by the spirits. the earth being inhabited, as i have before said unto thee, by a great number of celestial beings and spirits, who by their subtlety and prevision know the places wherein treasures are hidden, and seeing that it often happenneth that those men who undertake a search for these said treasures are molested and sometimes put to death by the aforesaid spirits, which are called gnomes; which, however, is not done through the avarice of these said gnomes, a spirit being incapable of possessing anything, having no material senses wherewith to bring it into use, but because these spirits, who are enemies of the passions, are equally so of avarice, unto which men are so much inclined; and foreseeing the evil ends for which these treasures will be employed have some interest


MICHAEL WYNN THE SOUL TRAVELERS

he last is angels. elementals are those who, unlike many spirits, have etheric bodies; these etheric bodies allow them to interact with the material world by their own volition. the occult recognizes 5 elements; fire, water, air, earth, and spirit. occultists recognize 4 types of elementals, and each--michael wynn's "the soul travelers" 32 is assigned an element: undines, salamanders, sylphs, and gnomes. undines are elementals of the element water. they are graceful, sensual, often pale and prefer the female form and watery habitations like river, lakes, and the ocean. salamanders, associated with the element of fire, are known for being emotionally unstable. their actions are rapid and explosive. when conjured, a salamander may prefer to arrive as a male with glowing eyes. sylphs, the ele

pale and prefer the female form and watery habitations like river, lakes, and the ocean. salamanders, associated with the element of fire, are known for being emotionally unstable. their actions are rapid and explosive. when conjured, a salamander may prefer to arrive as a male with glowing eyes. sylphs, the elementals of air, are intelligent, subtle, and, like salamanders, make rapid movements. gnomes are the elementals associated with the element earth. these beings are said to live underground and in caves. contrary to popular folklore, gnomes are not short, funny little men. they can be overly emotional and even dangerous. they are more solid than the other types of elementals, and may often arrive with dark hair, dark eyes, and olive-colored skin. the standard spirit has only an astr

an spitting into a frog s mouth. the metal copper, for instance, is inclined to the influence of venus. therefore, copper is a venereal metal (venereal..venus. the goddess of lust and sex, go figure) element color direction nature elementals ruler air yellow east separation sylphs paralda water blue west union undines nichsa fire red south energy salamanders djin earth green/brown north stability gnomes ghob sprit white center balance n/a n/a planet color day# characteristics saturn black saturday 3 death; limitation; decay jupiter blue thursday 4 growth; prosperity; luck; justice mars red tuesday 5 violence; change; success; disease sun gold sunday 6 power; creative energy; goodness venus green friday 7 love; socialization; sex; the arts mercury purple wednesday 8 intellect; business; com


NAGEL CARL AMAZING SECRETS OF OCCULT POWER

you use the chant< you are now ready to begin. enter your witching circle. awaken your magic power. chant the magic word, misabu, over and over again for at least five minutes. ideally, the chant should begin as a shout and gradually fade away to a whisper. the magic word is pronounced: me-sah-boo. i would suggest you begin the chant on a sunday, at or near the full moon. the golden square spell gnomes are the elemental spirits of the earth. they have the general appearance of grotesquely deformed dwarfs, but despite their appearance gnomes are benevolent in nature. one occult belief is that gnomes are the guardians of buried treasure, and inhabit the darkest depths of mines. their essence can be found in the earth, wood and metals. this spell will help you to enlist their aid in your aff

inhabit the darkest depths of mines. their essence can be found in the earth, wood and metals. this spell will help you to enlist their aid in your affairs. before you begin, go outside and pick up a pinch of earth and take it inside with you. enter your witching circle. face north, and sprinkle the soil on the floor in front of you. that small and simple gesture forges a bond between you and the gnomes, and adds power to the spell. awaken your magic power. imagine a golden square directly in front of you. now enlarge the image until it is several feet high, and pulsating with mystic force. see it as clearly as you can. imagine yourself bathed in its mystic light. try and actually breathe in this light. imagine it circulating within you. now, in your mind, pretend that you are reaching int

try and actually breathe in this light. imagine it circulating within you. now, in your mind, pretend that you are reaching into the golden square. feel around inside until your hands touch two moneybags, bulging with gold coins. pick the bags up and bring them out of the golden square. feel the coins with your mind, get involved with the coins, they re real. now spend a few moments thanking the gnomes for their help. repeat for seven consecutive days, or until the money arrives, or until you are stopped from casting the spell, whichever happens first. spell brings needed money this particular case history was told to me over the telephone, so i will have to relate it using my own words. laura d. was by no means rich, and when she received a phone bill for $300 had no idea where she could

dollar bills are green. a love spell that has worked magic for others, as it will for you. that certain sounds (chants) create unique magical vibrations, the< physical manifestation of which is called magic. chants should be spoken aloud in a sort of up and down rhythm. witchcraft draws its power from the elemental forces of earth, air, fire and water, and how to align yourself with these forces. gnomes are the elemental spirits of the earth, and a simple spell to help you to enlist their aid in your affairs. the easiest way to remember all the practical expressions of your magical workings is to keep a small notebook in which you write your occult experiences. you call this notebook your personal grimoire. modern day witches make loud noises about how straight-laced there ceremonies are


REGARDIE ISRAEL THE COMPLETE GOLDEN DAWN

ed. at this juncture, of the ceremony, with the airy elements vibrating about him and through hi, the zelator is urged to be 'prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice. be energetic and strong as the salamanders but avoid irritability and ferocity. be flexible and attentive to images, l i e the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability. be laborious and patient like the gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice. so shalt thou gradually develop the powers of thy soul and fit thyself to command the spirits of the elements" in each of the grades, several drawings and diagrams are exhibited, each one conveying useful knowledge and information required in the upward quest. the tarot keys are also dealt with, as indicating pictorially the stages of that journey, and depi

ferred to l:-e foundation, and to it are 1.-t element air. here the canr r, t!e angelic choir of yesod. f- 5 of the elemental forces, the ,king in the elements. over r--3c word and the kerubi. it 1: the kerub that the elemen- 1 zs in all the others, important t: r e'ements vibrating about him z"d active as the sylphs, but f 5 he salamanders but avoid e ;oc, like the undines, but avoid r: lrke the gnomes, but avoid i r r fie powers of thy soul and fit k-zmns are exhibited, each one l-?c in the upward quest. the 1 -e stages of that journey, and t e:%cause of the exigencies of t -lto cards based upon esoteric b 51 to have done so. but by using r :1, and by comparing them i- f the reader will render this t 5 +phirah hod, the splendour, r e tree, the pillar of severity. its rq, but more especia

efined essence of heat and moisture. c120> the green lion the stem and root of the radical essence of metals. the black dragon death-putrefaction-decay. the king red-the qabalistic microprosopus. tiphareth-analogous to gold and the sun. the queen white-the qabalistic bride of microprosopus. malkah-analogous to silver and the moon. the four orders of the elementals are: 1. the spirits of the earth gnomes 2. the spirits of the air sylphs 3. the spirits of the water undines 4. the spirits of the fire salamanders second knowledge lecture 6 1 these are the essential spiritual beings called upon to praise god in the 'benedicite omnia opera' the kerubim are the living powers of tetragrammaton on the material plane and the presidents of the four elements. they operate through the fixed or kerubic

ord issued in the birth of the dawning universe. as it was said unto thee in the grade of theoricus "be thou <149> therefore prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice. be energetic and strong like the salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity. be flexible and attentive to images like the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability. be laborious and patient like the gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice" so shalt thou gradually develop the powers of thy soul and fit thyself to command the spirits of the elements. for wert thou to summon the gnomes to pander to thy avarice, thou wouldst no longer command them, but they would command thee. wouldst thou abuse the pure creatures of god's creation to fill thy coffers and to satisfy thy lust for gold? wouldst tho

m of the isis of nature. as it contains all the sephiroth its circle should be made larger than that of mercury. 80 the golden dawn: volume i book one names especially connected with the four elements- earth: hebrew name aretz or ophir 1'9u: r l h great name adonai ha-aretz yln7 i7n cardinal point north. tzaphon ]19x archangel auriel- 71n angel phorlakh 7 5119 ruler kemb 3173 king ghob elementals gnomes air: hebrew name ruach ti great name shaddai el chai 'n' 7 cardinal point east. mizrach mm archangel raphael f n 9 1 angel chassan ruler ariel 7 ni d1 "w king paralda elementals sylphs c159> water: hebrew name maim n'n great name elohim tzabaoth nlm11x' 7 5 cardinal point west. maarab inyd archangel gabriel ?n7731 angel taliahad 77% ruler tharsis o'w? king nichsa elementals undines fire: he

old name of the deity. the twelve larger circles form the zodiac. at the angles are the four kerubim which are the vivified powers of the letters of the name yod he vau he operating in the elements, through which you have just symbolically passed in the preceding ceremony. the fan, lamp, cup and salt represent the four elements themselves whose inhabitants are the sylphs, salamanders, undines and gnomes. be thou, therefore, prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice. be energetic and strong as the salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity. be flexible and attentive to images, like the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability; be laborious and patient like the gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice <81> so shalt thou gradually develop the powers of thy sou

guide be left behind, he must be accorded courtesy of farewell''always treat these beings with courtesy and in accord with their rank. pay deference to the superior orders, the archangels, angels and rulers. to those of lower rank, bear yourself as an equal; and to those lower still, as to servants whom you treat politely, but do not allow familiarity. elementals pure and simple, such as fairies, gnomes and so on, must be treated with firmness and decision, as they are often mischievous and irresponsible, even though free from malice" it is also said to be a good practice, since form is symbolic in these regions, to imagine yourself as large as possible, always taller than the being confronting you; and under every circumstance maintain self-control and fearless demeanour. at first, and fo

bove these fires, the collected pieces of metal were placed. i was told that this was a lengthy process, but asked that i might see the result of what appeared to be a gradual melting of this metal. i was then shown some bowls containing liquid gold, but not i imagine, very pure metal. i again followed my guide, the angelic king elemental ruler, who gave me his name as atapa, and followed by some gnomes bearing the bowl of liquid gold, we came, after passing through many subterranean passages cut in the mountains, to a huge cavern of immense breadth and height. it was like a palace cut out of the rock. we passed through rudely cut passages, until we reached a large central hall, at the end of which was a dais on which were seated the king and queen, the courtier gnomes standing around "thi

rranean passages cut in the mountains, to a huge cavern of immense breadth and height. it was like a palace cut out of the rock. we passed through rudely cut passages, until we reached a large central hall, at the end of which was a dais on which were seated the king and queen, the courtier gnomes standing around "this hall seemed lighted by torches, and at intervals were roughly cut pillars. the gnomes who accompanied us presented to the king and queen their gold. these latter commanded their attendants to remove this to another apartment. i asked the king and queen for a further explanation, and they appointing substitutes in their absence, retire to an inner chamber which appeared more elevated than the rest. the architecture here seemed to be of a different kind. this small hall had se

n one hand he bears a sceptre surmounted with a hexagram, in the other a pentacle like a z. a. m.'s. unless very well dignified, he is heavy, dull, and material. laborious, clever and patient in material matters. if ill-dignified he is avaricious, grasping, dull, jealous, not very courageous, unless assisted by other symbols. rules from above 20" of leo to 20" of virgo. fire of earth. king of the gnomes <153> xvizi. queen of the thrones of earth. queen of pentacles a woman of beautiful face with dark hair, seated upon a throne, beneath which is dark sandy earth. one side of her face is dark, the other light, and her symbolism is best represented in profile. her attire is similar to that of the queen of wands. but she bears a winged goat's head as a crest. a goat is by her side. in one hand

ars a winged goat's head as a crest. a goat is by her side. in one hand she bears a sceptre surmounted by a cube, and in the other an orb of gold. she is impetuous, kind, timid, rather charming, great-hearted, intelligent, melancholy, truthful, yet of many moods. ill-dignified, she is undecided, capricious, foolish, changeable. rules from 20" sagittarius to 20" capricorn. water of earth. queen of gnomes. the golden dawn: volume zv book, eight xix. prince of the chariot of earth. king of pentacles a winged kingly figure seated in a chariot drawn by a bull. he bears as a crest the symbol of the head of a winged bull. beneath the chariot is land with many flowers. in one hand he bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounted by an orb and cross. increase of matter

any flowers. in one hand he bears an orb of gold held downwards, and in the other a sceptre surmounted by an orb and cross. increase of matter, increase of good and evil, solidifies, practically applies things, steady, reliable. if ill-dignified, animal, material, stupid. in either slow to anger, but furious if roused. rules from 20" aries to 20" of taurus. air of earth, prince and emperor of the gnomes. xx. princess of the echoing hills. rose of the palace of earth. knave of pentacles a strong and beautiful amazon figure with red brown hair, standing on grass and flowers. a grove of trees near her. her form suggests here, ceres, and proserpine. she bearsa winged ram's head as a crest, and wears <154> a mantle of sheep's skin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disc, in the

ntle of sheep's skin. in one hand she carries a sceptre with a circular disc, in the other a pentacle similar to that of the ace of pentacles. she is generous, kind, diligent, benevolent, careful, courageous, preserving, pitiful. if ill-digrufied, she is wasteful and prodigal. rules over one quadrant of the heavens around the north pole of the ecliptic. earth of earth. princess and empress of the gnomes. throne of the ace of pentacles <156> the thirty-six decans here follow the descriptions of the smaller cards of the 4 suits, thu-ty-six in number, answering unto the 36 decans of the zodiac. there being 36 decanates and only seven planets, it follows that one of the latter must rule over one more decanate than the others. this is the planet mars which is allotted the last decan of pisces a


RITUEL ET DOGME DE LA HAUTE MAGIE BY ELIPHAS LEVI PART I

north, others to the south; some to the right, others to the left; and in so far as they are not free, they cannot have the use of reason, nor can they take flesh otherwise than in animal forms. these unemancipated spirits, slaves of the four elements, are those which the kabalists call elementary daimons, and they people the elements which correspond to their state of servitude. sylphs, undines, gnomes and salamanders really exist therefore, some wandering and seeking incarnation, others incarnate and living on this earth. these are vicious and imperfect men. we shall return to this subject in the fifteenth chapter, which treats of enchantments and demons. that is also an occult tradition by which the ancients were led to admit the existence of four ages in the world, only it was not made


RITUEL ET DOGME DE LA HAUTE MAGIE BY ELIPHAS LEVI PART II

in a fire, crossing an abyss by means of the trunk of a tree or a plank, scaling a perpendicular mountain during a storm, swimming through a dangerous whirlpool or cataract. a man who is timid in the water will never reign over the undines; one who is afraid of fire will never command salamanders; so long as we are liable to giddiness we must leave the sylphs in peace and forbear from irritating gnomes; for inferior spirits will only obey a power which has overcome them in their own element. when this incontestable faculty has been acquired by exercise and daring, the word of our will must be imposed on the elements by special consecrations of air, fire, water and earth. the conjuration of the four 29 this is the indispensable preliminary of all magical operations. the air is exorcised by

easure; there we burn continually in our aspiration to possess thee. o father! o mother, most tender of all mothers! o admirable archetype of maternity and of pure love! o son, flower of sons! o form of all forms, soul, spirit, harmony and number of all things! amen. the earth is exorcised by aspersion of water, by breathing and by fire, with the perfumes proper for each day and the prayer of the gnomes king invisible, who, taking the earth as a support, didst furrow the abysses to fill them with thine omnipotence; thou whose name doth shake the vaults of the world, thou who causest the seven metals to flow through the veins of the rock, monarch of the seven lights, rewarder of the subterranean toilers, lead us unto the desirable air and to the realm of splendour. we watch and we work unre

of thy labourers! o silver whiteness! o golden splendour! o crown of living and melodious diamonds! thou who wearest the heaven on thy finger like a sapphire ring, thou who concealest under earth, in the stone kingdom, the marvellous seed of stars, live, reign, be the eternal dispenser of the wealth whereof thou hast made us the wardens! amen. it must be borne in mind that the special kingdom of gnomes is at the north, that of salamanders at the south, that of sylphs at the east, and that of undines at the west. these beings influence the four temperaments of man; that is to say, the gnomes affect the melancholy, salamanders the sanguine, undines the phlegmatic and sylphs the bilious. their signs are: the hieroglyphs of the bull for the gnomes, who are commanded with the sword; those of t

bull for the gnomes, who are commanded with the sword; those of the lion for salamanders, who are commanded with the bifurcated rod or magic trident; those of the eagle for the sylphs, who are commanded by the holy pantacles; finally, those of the water-carrier for undines, who are commanded by the cup of libations. their 32 the ritual of transcendental magic respective sovereigns are gob for the gnomes, djin for the salamanders, paralda for the sylphs and nicksa for the undines. when an elementary spirit torments, or at least vexes, the inhabitants of this world, it must be conjured by air, water, fire and earth; by breathing, sprinkling, burning of perfumes; and by tracing on the ground the star of solomon and the sacred pentagram. these figures must be perfectly correct and drawn either

ede and terminate the conjuration of the four. to overcome and subjugate the elementary spirits, we must never yield to their characteristic defects. thus, a shallow and capricious mind will never rule the sylphs; an irresolute, cold and fickle nature will never master the undines; passion irritates the salamanders; and avaricious greed makes its slaves the sport of the conjuration of the four 33 gnomes. but we must be prompt and active, like the sylphs; pliant and attentive to images, like the undines; energetic and strong like the salamanders; laborious and patient, like the gnomes: in a word, we must overcome them in their strength without ever being overcome by their weaknesses. once we are well established in this disposition, the whole world will be at the service of the wise operato

are found in the magical elements of peter of apono, or in the grimoires, whether printed or manuscript. that of the ggrand grimoire h, reproduced in the vulgar red dragon, has been altered wilfully and should be read as follows: gby adonai eloim, adonai jehova, adonai sabaoth, metraton on agla adonai mathon, the pythonic word, the mystery of the salamander, the assembly of sylphs, the grotto of gnomes, the demons of the heaven of gad, almousin, gibor, jehosua, evam, zariatbatmik: come, come, come" the grand appellation of agrippa1 consists only in these words: dies mies jeschet boenedoesef douvema enitemaus. we make no pretence of understanding their meaning; possibly they possess none, assuredly none which is reasonable, since they avail in evoking the devil, who is the sovereign unreas


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s most gifted clairvoyants to see if he might be able psychically to verify the girls accounts of fairies near cottingley. the psychic sat down with elsie and frances in the little valley and found that he was able to see even more of the fairy realm because of his mediumistic abilities. according to his great sensitivity, the entire glen was alive with many types of elemental spirits wood elves, gnomes, fairies, and graceful water sprites around the valley and stream. try as he might, though, the clairvoyant was unable to project to the fairies the amount of psychic energy necessary to allow them to materialize. it appeared that only the young girls had the unique blend of innocence and wonder that could somehow supply the fairies with the necessary energy to permit them to attain a mater

and adhered to in an organized church or institution. elemental spirits a lower order of spirit beings, said to be usually benevolent and dwell in the nature kingdom as the life force of all things in nature, such as minerals, plants, animals, and the four elements of earth, air, fire and water; the planets, stars, and signs of the zodiac; and hours of the day and night. elves, brownies, goblins, gnomes, and fairies are said to be among these spirits. knockings/rappings tapping sounds said to be coming from deceased spirits in an attempt to communicate with or frighten the living. materialization something that appears suddenly, as if out of nowhere. in the paranormal it might be a ghost or spirit that suddenly appears to take on a physical form. medium in the paranormal, someone who is ab

ectric current that flows through a surrounding coil. elemental spirits a lower order of spirit beings, said to be usually benevolent and dwell in the nature kingdom as the life force of all things in nature, such as minerals, plants, animals, and the four elements of earth, air, fire and water; the planets, stars, and signs of the zodiac; and hours of the day and night. elves, brownies, goblins, gnomes, and fairies are said to be among these spirits. elixir something that is a mysterious, magical substance with curative powers believed to heal all ills or to prolong life and preserve youthfulness. from the arabic al-iksir and the greek xerion, meaning dry powder for treating wounds. enchantments things or conditions which possess a charming or bewitching quality such as a magical spell. e


THE GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE UNUSUAL UNEXPLAINED VOL 3

nd imaginations of present-day humans, and sometimes the monsters turn out to be real. 57 chapter exploration apelike monsters bigfoot orang pendek skunk ape yeti creatures of the night chupacabra ghoul golem imp incubus jersey devil succubus vampire werewolf monsters of land, sea, and air dragons loch ness and other lake monsters sea serpents thunderbirds wee folk and their friends elves fairies gnomes goblins gremlins leprechauns menehune mermaids nisse selkies trolls actors who faced (or became) movie monsters introduction some psychologists have suggested that there is something within the human psyche that craves monsters and mysterious creatures. for some individuals, the very idea that vampires, werewolves, and chupacabras are out there, lurking in the shadows, makes the adrenaline

t h e g a l e e n c y c l o p e d i a o f t h e u n u s u a l a n d u n e x p l a i n e d mysterious creatures 99 depicted as possessing many more powers and abilities than humans, but somehow they are strongly dependent on human beings and from time to time they seek to reinforce their own kind by kidnapping both human children and adults. while the wee people and their associated entites elves, gnomes, and leprechauns are most often depicted as sweet, little winged tinkerbells and jolly forest creatures in bright costumes and pointed hats, each of the fairy folk and their kin have a dark side. some of the nursery tales throughout the centuries have depicted a certain mischievous nature to the wee people, but the creatures can become downright nasty even dangerous if provoked. medieval th

etuated in folklore and legend. m delving deeper bord, janet. fairies: real encounters with little people. new york: dell publishing, 1998. dubois, pierre, with roland sabatier and claudine sabatier, illustrators. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. spence, lewis. the fairy tradition in britain. london: rider, 1948. elves in ol

l encounters with little people. new york: dell publishing, 1998. dubois, pierre, with roland sabatier and claudine sabatier, illustrators. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. spence, lewis. the fairy tradition in britain. london: rider, 1948. fairies acc

, 2001 [online] http//www. bergen.com/yourtime/lc14200103146.htm. dubois, pierre, with roland sabatier and claudine sabatier, illustrators. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. more than just a fairy story. the kingston guardian, february 12, 2001 [online] http/ www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/local_london/news/ weird/2001/february12/ed01120201.htm. rose, carol

l encounters with little people. new york: dell publishing, 1998. dubois, pierre, with roland sabatier and claudine sabatier, illustrators. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. t h e g a l e e n c y c l o p e d i a o f t h e u n u s u a l a n d u n e x p l

l encounters with little people. new york: dell publishing, 1998. dubois, pierre, with roland sabatier and claudine sabatier, illustrators. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. spence, lewis. the fairy tradition in britain. london: rider, 1948. gremlins al

ense activity of the gremlin throng occurred during world war ii, one stills hears on occasion a pilot cussing a mechanical failure in his aircraft as having been caused by a gremlin attack. m delving deeper froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. stern, dave. the great gremlin caper. fate (december 2001: 8 13. leprechauns the classic tale of the leprechaun is that of the irishman catching one of the wee folk and demanding to be given the little fellow s crock of gold. in these stories, the sly leprechaun always manages to trick the greedy lout who has grabbed hi

inning villagers, the workmen dug a second hole four feet outside of the mound and dropped the pole in there. and that was where it stood as solid as the emerald isle for many years to come. m delving deeper froud, brian. good faeries, bad faeries. new york: simon& schuster, 1998. jones, alison, ed. larousse dictionary of world lore. new york: larousse, 1995. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. mack, carol k, and dinah mack. a field guide to demons, fairies, fallen angels, and other subversive spirits. new york: henry holt, 1999. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton, 1998. spence, lewis. the fairy tradition in britain. london: rider, 1948. menehune th

ectric current that flows through a surrounding coil. elemental spirits a lower order of spirit beings, said to be usually benevolent and dwell in the nature kingdom as the life force of all things in nature, such as minerals, plants, animals, and the four elements of earth, air, fire and water; the planets, stars, and signs of the zodiac; and hours of the day and night. elves, brownies, goblins, gnomes, and fairies are said to be among these spirits. elixir something that is a mysterious, magical substance with curative powers believed to heal all ills or to prolong life and preserve youthfulness. from the arabic al-iksir and the greek xerion, meaning dry powder for treating wounds. enchantments things or conditions which possess a charming or bewitching quality such as a magical spell. e


THE GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE UNUSUAL UNEXPLAINED VOL

vanishing people. the tribespeople also refer to the medicine or magic circle. if anyone stepped inside one, he or she could disappear for months or years or a lifetime. m delving deeper bord, janet. fairies: real encounters with little people. new york: dell publishing, 1998. dubois, pierre. the great encyclopedia of fairies. new york: simon& schuster, 2000. keightley, thomas. the world guide to gnomes, fairies, elves, and other little people. new york: random house, 2000. rose, carol. spirits, fairies, leprechauns, and goblins: an encyclopedia. new york: w. w. norton& co, 1998. spence, lewis. the fairy tradition in britain. london: rider and co, 1948. garlic some naturally formed amulets can be worn or kept to ward off evil. garlic reportedly keeps one safe from vampires, and also repels

ectric current that flows through a surrounding coil. elemental spirits a lower order of spirit beings, said to be usually benevolent and dwell in the nature kingdom as the life force of all things in nature, such as minerals, plants, animals, and the four elements of earth, air, fire and water; the planets, stars, and signs of the zodiac; and hours of the day and night. elves, brownies, goblins, gnomes, and fairies are said to be among these spirits. elixir something that is a mysterious, magical substance with curative powers believed to heal all ills or to prolong life and preserve youthfulness. from the arabic al-iksir and the greek xerion, meaning dry powder for treating wounds. enchantments things or conditions which possess a charming or bewitching quality such as a magical spell. e


THE MAGICIAN S KABBALAH

talk water cupidity earth melancholy the golden dawn society had this to say in their theoricus ritual "be thou therefore as prompt and active as the sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice. be energetic and strong like the salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity. be flexible and attentive to images like the undines, but avoid idleness and changeability. be laborious and patient like the gnomes but avoid grossness and avarice" as well as a reversal of the personal aspect of the sephirah, the klippoth can represent a reversal of the essential nature of each of the sephiroth. thus, the klippothic form of kether are the "dual contending forces, which is the exact opposite to the idea of unity which kether is said to be. the golochab, attributed to geburah, are giants like volcanoes


THE MIDDLE PILLAR

eet, from about the ankles. 2. formulate a flaming sphere of brilliant indigo. 3. superimpose on the indigo sphere the sign of taurus 5 in the complementary color of pale yellow. 4. vibrate "adonai" and the angelic names "auriel and "phorlakh" 5. when you feel the ball is alive and real, and spiritual power is pouring through you, and when you feel the power of the names, 6. say the prayer of the gnomes: holy art thou, lord of the earth, which thou hast made for thy footstool. adonai ha-aretz, adonai melekh. unto thee be the kingdom, the power and the glory. malkuth, geburah, gedulah. amen. the rose of sharon, and the lily of the valley. 0 thou who hidest beneath the earth, in the valley of gems, the marvellous seed of the stars. live, reign, and be thou the eternal dispenser of thy treasu

f earth is black. but since it is difficult to get a complement color of black, i am going to give you indigo. superimposed on this will be the symbol of taurus (5)in a very light yellow, the complement of indigo. the divine name is adonai (737n) which you vibrate. then vibrate the archangelic name: auriel (5 711a nd) the angelic name: phorlakh (7 5115)t.ha t will be followed by the pfayer of the gnomes. part vi: circumambulation here you have five balls on the central sphere. when you get down to the feet, stop and see this shaft with the five balls all glowing, then start what i call the fovmula of civcumambulation; but the first method is to be the fountain. see all the power in the feet center and then see it rush up from the feet center like the water in a fountain. as this power rush

the fifth sephirah on the tree of life. the phrase ve-geburah, meaning "and the power" is used in the qabalistic cross. gedulah: hebrew word for "greatness, magnificence" a title of chesed. the phrase ve-gedulah, meaning "and the glory" is used in the qabalistic cross. gematria: a form of hebrew numerology that uses the numerical values of the letters of the hebrew alphabet. gevurah: see geburah. gnomes: elemental spirits of earth. great work: a term borrowed from alchemy's magnum opus. refers to the path of human spiritual evolution, growth, and illumination. g'uph: the lowest part of the soul, centered in malkuth. a low level of subconscious intelligence whch is closely tied to the physical body. hcoma: enohan word associated with the element of water. heilsweg: a german word whch means


THE STAR IN THE WEST BY CAPTAIN FULLER A CRITICAL ESSAY ON THE WORKS OF ALEISTER CROWLEY

n. the youth of systems, as of individuals, is lost in the mist of the past, unknown to themselves, dimly apparent to others, they proceed through wondering childhood, ambitious youth, maturity, and decay. the crucibles and retorts of the alchymists are but the toys of youthful chemistry, its dolls and tin soldiers: god and devil, angel and goblin, are but the fairies of grimm or andersen, or the gnomes who spring through the flooring of drury lane to the amazement of little children. the human first adores images, then imaginations; the little girl who loves her doll will neglect it to tend her youngest little brother or sister, whom she will kiss and pinch in the true fashion of the human; and when scarcely in her teens will commence those necessary and attractive adornments to enable he


TYSON DONALD NEW MILLENNIUM MAGIC

on that there exists a race of little men liv- ing and burrowing deep in the ground like meal worms, amassing large hoards of gold. a rational individual living within the zeitgeist of western culture who tried to force his or her mind to such a literal belief would be erecting a barrier in the way of spiritual progress. yet five centuries ago many sought magic specifically for gaining power over gnomes. the classic texts of magic, which are called grimoires (a french word meaning "grammarsv-in other words, the copy books of occult students, were penned by medieval europeans. it is necessary to understand their ignorance of physical facts now taken for granted. vast stretches of ocean were then uncharted. the very shape of the world was in doubt. when sailors came back with wild tales of a

gnorance of physical facts now taken for granted. vast stretches of ocean were then uncharted. the very shape of the world was in doubt. when sailors came back with wild tales of a great armor-plated beast with a single horn on its nose or of a race of black men with their faces located in their stomachs, the listener had no way of knowing that one tale was true and the other false. the notion of gnomes would not have seemed improbable to the writers of the grimoires. they had no reason to dispute the many reports of their sightings by miners all over europe. the idea that the mountains were once beneath the sea or that there were great petrified bones of giant lizards to be found under the earth would have seemed vastly less likely-yet these last two things are known to be true today. a c

ire ihvh tzabaoth yod michael mark lion south summer linear atziluth salamanders notus pison stalk red rod water elohim el chai he gabriel matthew eagle west fall rotary briah undines zephyrus gihon fruit blue cup air shaddai ha-aretz va u raphael john angel north winter vibratory yetzirah sylphs boreas hiddikel seed yellow dagger earth adonai tzabaoth he auriel luke bull east spring mixed assiah gnomes eurus phrath root black pentacle the four elements are a philosophical division of form into its essential quali- ties based on its kinds of motion. they are not physical elements as science under- stands them but the locus upon which the physical elements are based. for example, elemental fire is not the fire that springs from a match-it is the preva- lent inner quality of that fire. all m

strate cosmic harmony in imitation of the chief apostate angel, lucifer. all demons are fallen angels. an elemental is a spirit formed of, and bound to, a single philosophical ele- ment. their modern names come from the renaissance magician paracelsus. fire elementals are called salamanders, air elementals are known as sylphs, elementals of water are called undines, and earth elementals are named gnomes. a planetary spirit is a spirit formed of, and bound to, the qualities of a planet. this class includes the planetary angels. a zodiacal spirit is a spirit defined by, and bound to, the qualities assigned to particular degrees of the heavens. there are different classes of spirits for the signs (divisions of 30 degrees, the decans (divisions of 10 degrees, the faces (divisions of 5 degrees


TYSON DONALD SOUL FLIGHT

respectively the same seven states of matter already mentioned as permeated by the corresponding varieties of the essence. thus, to take those which are most readily comprehensible to us, there are spirits of the earth, water, air and fire (or ether)-definite intelligent astral entities residing and functioning in each of those media. in mediaeval literature, these earth-spirits are often called gnomes, while the waterspirits are spoken of as undines, the air-spirits as sylphs, and the ether-spirits as salamanders. in popular language they are known by many names-fairies, pixies, elves, brownies, peris, djinns, trolls, satyrs, fawns, kobolds, imps, goblins, good people-some of these titles being applied only to one variety, and others indiscriminately to all.lo2 according to theosophy, th

because of this bond of love, the pressing concerns of the human traveler can become the pressing concerns of the fairy guide, but of their own volition they do not persist in human affairs for any great length of time before becoming bored. elemental guides those spirits that are predominantly composed of a single elemental essence, which paracelsus divided into salamanders, sylphs, undines, and gnomes, are even less well suited to the role of general astral guide than fairies. the gnomes are elementals of earth, and 286 soul flight must remain on or beneath the base level of the astral world, on the ground. the undines ascend somewhat higher, and have their natural home in a band of spiritual water that encircles the earth. sylphs, composed of elemental air, dwell in a band of spiritual


TYSON DONALD THE MAGICAL WORKBOOK

the sphere of the moon. these include all earthly spirits of particular objects or places, such as spirits of woodlands, stones, trees, meadows, springs, rivers, buildings, and geographical regions. also classed as lower spirits are the spirits of the four lower elements, which may or may not have specific local habitations-the sylphs of air, the salamanders of fire, the undines of water, and the gnomes of earth. the infernal spirits, such as the demons of hell, who traditionally are supposed to dwell beneath the surface of the earth, are also lower spirits, as are the qlippoth or shells of kabbalistic doctrine. higher spirits are those that dwell in or above the sphere of the moon. they are associated with the spheres, successively, of the moon, mercury, venus, the sun, mars, jupiter, sat

hod and fill this circle of art with your presence. enter my body and fill me with your light. enter my heart-center and empower my will with authority to rule over all the creatures of the water element in 308 moving exercises your name, by the supreme power and authority of yod-heh-vav- heh upon which the universe is formed" when practicing the evocation of ghob, king of elemental earth and the gnomes, the following invocation to the divine ruler of the north, adonai ha-aretz, would be used. c6 1, invoke thee, adonai ha-aretz, lord of the north and of the region of earth, and of all the spiritual creatures that dwell therein. descend from your throne in the sphere of malkuth and fill this circle of art with your presence. enter my body and fill me with your light. enter my heart-center a

evoked forms. it is necessary to learn evocation when seeking a complete understanding of the art of magic because evocation outside the circle is the only safe way to deal with infernal demons, and with the more dangerous elementals. undines can usually be summoned without the protection of a circle, provided the magician is mentally stable. often this is also true of sylphs. it is best to evoke gnomes, and salamanders should always be evoked. demons are best left alone entirely, but if they must be used for some grossly material purpose, they should always be evoked into the triangle beyond the limit of the circle. forty-week study guide t his forty-week outline for practice is designed to teach the mechanics of the exercises contained in this book, and to show how they interact with eac


TYSON DONALD THE POWER OF THE WORD

slowest planet to fastest, this order is: saturn, jupiter, mars, sun, venus, mercury, moon. the opposite directions of motion around the pentagram created by yeheshuah and yehovashah allow these two forms of pentagrammaton to serve as words of power for banishing and invoking spirits, particularly those associated with the magical elements, the salamanders (fire, sylphs (air, undines (water, and gnomes (earth. an effective technique is to hold the right arm extended straight out in front of the body at heart level with the fingers spread stiffly forward so that their tips define the points of an upright pentagram. this must be practiced a few times until the proper angle between the fingers is attained, so that as nearly as possible, a perfect pentagram is formed. the left palm should be


WEOR SAMAEL AUN ESOTERIC COURSE OF KABBLAH

s of fire, air, water and earth. the present human being is still not a king or queen of nature, but all are called to be kings or queens and priests and priestesses according to the order of melchizedeck. it is necessary for the student to become familiar with all the elemental creatures of the four elements. salamanders live in fire; undines and nereids live in water; sylphs live in the air and gnomes live in the earth. the gospel of mark is symbolized by a lion (fire; the gospel of matthew is represented by a youth (water; the gospel of john is represented by the eagle (air) and the gospel of luke is represented by the bull (earth. the four gospels symbolize the four elements of nature and the realization of the great work (the magnus opus. por lo com n esos santuarios de misterios se h

is the ens- seminis. you know this. the sacred receptacle is in your creative organs, the furnace is the muladhara chakra, the chimney is the medullar channel and the distiller is the brain. when we work in the laboratory of the third logos we must transmute the lead of our personality into the gold of the spirit. the magnus work cannot be performed without the cooperation of the elementals. the gnomes and pygmies are the great alchemists that transmute the lead into gold; they reduce the metals into its semen [seed] in order to transmute them into the pure gold of the spirit; their labor would be impossible if the undines did not obey or if the salamanders of fire would not make the voluptuous undines fertile, because without the fire, the tempting undines can only take us to a shipwreck

s se hizo amarrar a un palo del barco para evitarse el peligro de caer en el mar seducido por la belleza sexual de las ondinas. los gn sticos antiguos dec an: todos vosotros ser is dioses si sal s de egipto y atraves is el mar rojo (el oc ano de las tentaciones. 30 the vapors of the prima matter of the great work would not ascend through the chimney without the help of the disquieting sylphs. the gnomes need to distil the gold in the brain and this is only possible with the help of the aerial sylphs. the gnomes transmute the lead into gold. the magnus opus would be impossible without the elementals. we need to become familiar with the elementals of nature. practice: agni god of fire fire: light a fire then vocalize the mantra inri. this mantra is vocalized in two separate syllables: in ri:

atorum, amen. luego entrad en sue o vocalizando la letra m, as: mmmmm. labios cerrados herm ticamente. este es el sonido como el mugido del toro, pero largamente sostenido, sin este deceso de la voz, propio del toro. la letra m es el mantram de las aguas. as os pondr is en contacto con las criaturas de las aguas. invocad luego al genio de las aguas. ese genio se llama nicksa. 33 practice with the gnomes profoundly meditate on the heart-temple of the center of earth. meditate on the genie of earth whose name is cham-gam. beseech him to put you in contact with the gnomes that inhabit the entrails of earth; call the genie of the gnomes, the genie s name is gob. get into a state of slumber while concentrating on that genie; then vocalize the mantra i.a.o. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii aa

rot over his shoulders. we will end this lecture by stating that the elementals of fire are commanded with the trident of iron or with the wand of iron; the elementals of the air are commanded with an eagle feather or any other bird; the elementals of water are commanded with a cup filled with water and the elementals of the earth with a sword or with a brand new knife. the special kingdom of the gnomes resides in the region of the north; the one of the salamanders in the south. the one of the sylphs in the east and the one of the undines in the west. these four elemental hierarchies form a cross. behold the holy and mysterious tetragrammaton. con el arcano cuatro del tarot el ser echa sobre sus hombros la cruz de la iniciaci n. terminaremos esta c tedra diciendo que a los elementales del

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